THE EVOLUTION OF THE OPEN SCIENCE APPROACH IN THE DTIC-UPF MARÍA DE MAEZTU PROGRAM
The concepts of open science, open innovation or open scholarship are in continuous evolution, and their promotion requires context-specific and adaptable solutions to advance successfully. This report shows this evolution in the context of the DTIC-UPF María de Maeztu program. The evolution can be also perceived following the entries from the start of the program (blog post Day Zero), the previous report for the first year of development and the post Opening Science to Open Innovation published in February 2017.
The principles of open science have been in the core of the María de Maeztu program since its inception. But specially since 2017, a special effort has been put in formalising this implementation to support and evaluate its progress. Two main documents are being used in this process: the “Open innovation, open science and open to the world - a vision for Europe” by the European Commission's Directorate-General for Research & Innovation (RTD), and the recent specific recommendations issued by LERU for universities in “Open science and its role in universities: a roadmap for cultural change”, which take into account the specificities of universities (such as its multi-layered nature, or the link between research and education).
Open Science from the FOSTER project OS in "Open Innovation, Open Science, Open to the world "
In a simplified way, the program encourages a scientific approach “as open as possible”, for two main reasons:
THE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK SO FAR, AND STEPS GIVEN
As previously mentioned, the María de Maeztu program is allowing to define and test actions that promote open science and which are adequate to our specific context and the resources available. We present below a summary of the progress so far following the recommendations issued by LERU in each of the eight priority areas identified by the European Commission (detailed explanations for them will be available in separate blog posts):.
i) specific to each individual context and as a department, and to the different areas represented by the research groups;
ii) realistic about their capacity to be realised;
iii) transferable and scalable to the wider activity of the department;
iv) continuously communicated internally, within the university and the wider research communities for continuous discussion and improvement
i) provides now the computational and storage capacity to develop generic and specific tools to exploit data collections
ii) is able to provide analytics about its use for present and future management. On the one had, the explosion of data and computational requirements generates new demands and, on the other, the availability of external infrastructures and the perspectives for new ones such as the European Open Science Cloud, will require better decision-making processes to find optimal solutions over time that guarantee the capacity to conduct excellent research.
The infrastructure is now providing service to DTIC-UPF, with the basic analytics system in place. Given its critical relevance to many of the research groups at DTIC-UPF, a researcher (Jérôme Noailly) has been appointed as academic contact for the management of the infrastructure. Future steps will include its capacity to optimally support the open science mandates.
In order to improve the acquisition and use of the skills linked to open science, the program has incentivised the further use of the skills gained with awards, providing specific funding in its open science and innovation program, etc, detailed in section “recognition” below.
DTIC staff is also promoting and participating in training and advocacy actions in external fora such as:
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
The María de Maeztu program represents an example of the effort at the scale of a university department to design and implement a strategy that promotes a cultural change around the process of conducting and the objectives of research. It is important to highlight that it is not a separate line of work, but it is directly embedded in the regular functioning of the department, with the convincement that there are imperatives to do it to keep on conducting high-impact research following international standards and trends, and in order to generate transformative effects across all levels (individual, department, institution, research community, open science stakeholders and the general public) using different strategies (communication, allocation of resources, training).
In addition to the further advancement of the work described around the different pillars, the main objectives for the coming period are:
i) Consolidate the cooperation of DTIC-UPF with external active actors in the open science movement, in order to promote not only the internal change of culture, but also contribute to the advancement of the broader open science movement
ii) Advance in the understanding and uptake of metrics that reward individual efforts
iii) Find adequate technical solutions for all the existing research activities conducted at the department, as well as clear and basic guidelines and / or support services that faclitate the work by the researchers