The novelty of the project is two‐sided. Firstly, it focuses on inclusive and positive aspects of gang membership and the positivation of their marginalized position within the social structure. Some research focuses on proactive experiences in gang behaviour and policies (Leinfelt & Rostam, 2011, Vencatesh, 2009), but very few studies systematically compare such aspects in order to find variants and invariants in the evolution or in the reversal of the criminal gang model. Secondly, it uses a transnational comparative methodology, focused on a group rarely included in gang studies –Young Arabs‐ along with another over‐ studied group – Young Latinos. Both groups face big challenges regarding new generations in their homelands and in their diasporic new lands. Their collective forms of behaviour – ‘bandas latinas’, ‘rapppers’, ‘hittistes’, ‘charmil’, ‘baltagiyya’, ‘hooligans’, etc ‐ have been seen as barriers to their social inclusion. Last but not least, Latino and Arab young people in Europe and in their homelands suffer today the stigma of being tagged with allegations of drug trafficking and radicalization processes.

TRANSGANG has five main objectives, each of which will result in a series of deliverables.

a) To review the historical literature on youth gangs in order to elaborate a theoretical synthesis.

b) To develop a renewed model for the analysis of transnational youth gangs in the global age.

c) To apply an experimental model for comparing gangs in two transnational groups: Latinos and Arabs.

d) To explore experiences in which gangs have acted as agents of mediation, as well as barriers that block these attempts.

e) To deduce more effective ways of intervention to prevent the hegemony of the criminal gang pattern that still appears so dominant in the neoliberal era.