DiasporaLink-Transnational Diaspora Entrepreneurship as a Develoment Link between Home and Residence Countries
This 4 years international project starting in 2014 is founded by the European Comission in the framework of Horizon 2020 - Marie Curie Actions RISE
DiasporaLink is a 4-year exchange program between 24 universities and research institutes representing EU, the Americas, Africa and Asia and will investigate, evaluate and facilitate transnational diaspora entrepreneurship, TDE as driver of development and wealth creation in countries of origin and residence.
The partners in DiasporaLink have together a unique possibility to have a substantial impact on a global, European and national level targeting different groups and stakeholders:
• The international research community
• Institutions and policy makers in the social, economic and development field
• Diaspora organizations and communities
• Media and press This is underlined by the specific network of the partners
• GEM Global Entrepreneurship Monitor
• IMISCOE International Migration, Integration, Social Cohesion
• International Council for Small Businesses
• Swedish TDE network
Core tasks are:
• Structure research on diaspora cross-border entrepreneurship in migration corridors
• Create awareness among policy and decision makers of the potential of TDE through publications and a web-site
• Build a IT-curricula for transnational entrepreneurship within and outside the universities
• Build an ICT-platform for internal communication and for transnational team building
The exchange of staff is built around research in common WP's and around regular and touring workshops both internal and external.
The objective is to create a global, extended university network with the mission to monitor the entrepreneurship in migration corridors, define obstacles and support the corridor stakeholders with information and tuition. Essential is close contacts with diaspora entrepreneurs and diaspora organizations are systematically approached through workshops and media, for involving diaspora organizations as active partners.
Migration has become a phenomenon profoundly impacting the modern world. Globalization and advancements in transportation and communication have fostered the movement of people around the world at a far greater pace than ever before. According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), in 2005 192 million people, or 3 percent of the world population, were living outside their home countries. Of late, there have been strongly expressed intentions to involve diasporas as partners in global development policy (Newman et al 2010). In addition to remittances, gifts and educational and social support, diasporas may contribute to development through: Entrepreneurship, Investment, Tourism, Philanthropy, Volunteerism and Advocacy. This new diversity landscape gives a base for further developing and strengthening Transnational Diaspora Entrepreneurship as a creator of development and wealth in sending and receiving countries (Henoch, 2007) and (Rezaei, 2011).
Transnational diaspora entrepreneurship has an enormous potential for social transformation in both home and host countries. This potential is not fully realized because of lack of transnational support, restrictions from regional support agendas and weak transnational team building. Institutional programs to promote entrepreneurship, business start-up and self-employment have long been seen as instruments for development, employment and growth. Although they have been implemented in most EU-states, they frequently neglect ethnic minorities. Programs for diaspora entrepreneurship and for entrepreneurship in developing and emerging economies are generally seen as remedies for unemployment, and tend to focus on self-employment and the necessity of entrepreneurs. Such programs commonly lack transnational links and are often managed by institutions and organizations with different and unconnected agendas. Thus, initiatives for crossborder entrepreneurs require new tools for cross-border linking and support. Important tools are based on new financial models, building team competences, IT and social media.
In order to meet these challenges DiasporaLink is creating some basic tools based on a concept of supply chains and diaspora entrepreneurship in migration corridors:
1. DiasporaLink IT-platform
2. Building competence in entrepreneurial teams
3. Transnational incubators
4. Linking the corridor supply chain with financial models
5. DiasporaLink global research network
Official website: DiasporaLink
- Report on the roundtable organized by GRITIM-UPF in the framework of Institut Europeu de la Meditarrània (IEMed) Seminar Series “Aula Mediterrània”: "Moroccan Transnational Entrepreneurs: new social patterns, new policy narratives"
Contact: [email protected]