Social Determinants Of Health

Social inequalities in health are systematic and unfair differences between population groups, caused by social structures and the impact of political, economic and legal frameworks on those groups. Poorer classes have fewer resources to nourish themselves appropriately, their work conditions are at increased risk, they do not have adequate housing and have poorer access to health services and / or these services are of poorer quality. All these conditions have negative effects on their health and increase mortality rates.

These differences can be avoided and reduced if there are strong, high-quality state services. Some of our PPC researchers are engaged in the study of the conditions of employment and work and how this affects health and health inequalities. This knowledge can help identify and promote global institutional changes and policies that facilitate the reduction of social inequalities. For that purpose, two projects have been launched: The impact of the financial and economic crises on the well-being of populations on both sides of the North Atlantic, in which researchers from both UPF and JHU are collaborating; and The impact of immigration on the well-being of populations, which will involve immigration researchers from Hopkins and researchers from Pompeu Fabra's Health Inequalities Research Group (GREDS) - (Employment Conditions Network).

Member researchers of these group are: Marcelo Amable;Paco Belvis Costes;Joan Benach de Rovira; Usama Bilal; Carme Borrell; Maria Buxó; Emmanuel Calderón; Ernest Cañada; Mònica Clua-Losada; Carlos Delclós; Iris Delgado; Yücel Demiral; Albert Jimenez; Pére Jodar; Mireia Julià; Thomas LaVeist; Alba Llop; Ana Martínez; Carles Muntaner; Paloma Navas; Vicenç Navarro; Laia Ollé; Keshia Pollack; Olatz Ribera-Almandoz; Marisol Ruiz; Luis Carlos Silva; Orielle Solar; Gemma Tarafa Orpinell; Joao Paolo Tavares; Christophe Vanroelen; Montse Vergara; Alejandra Vives; Yutaka Yasui.

Selected papers and forthcoming publications:

Benach, J., Rivera Díaz, M., Muñoz, N.J., Martínez-Herrera, E., Manuel Pericàs, J. (2019) "What the Puerto Rican hurricanes make visible: Chronicle of a public health disaster foretold." Social Science & Medicine.

Ruiz, M. E., Vives, A., Martínez, E., Julià, M., Benach, J. (2017) "How does informal employment impact population health? Lessons from the Chilean employment conditions survey". Safety Science.

Ruiz, M. E., Bolíbar, M., Sanchez-Mira, N., Vives, A., Benach, J. "Informality under the skin.Chilean workers: (re)presenting informal employment and health inequalities" (Forthcoming)

Julià M, Vives A, Tarafa G, Benach J. Changing the way we understand precarious employment and health: precarisation affects the whole salaried population. Safety Science. 2017;100:66-73.

Mousaid S, Huegaerts, K Bosmans K, Julià M, Benach J, Vanroelen C. The quality of work in the Belgian service voucher system. Int J Health Serv 2017; 47(1):40-60.

Julià M, Belvis F, Vives A, Tarafa G, Benach J. Informal employees in the European Union. Working conditions, employment precariousness, and health (Forthcoming).

Benach, J., and Muntaner, C., with Solar, O., Santana, V., and Quinlan, M., and the Employment Conditions Network. (2014). "Employment, Work and Health Inequalities: A Global Perspective". Icaria Editorial, ISBN: 978-84-9888-518 (ebook). Click here

Muntaner, C., Navarro, V (Editors) (2014). "The Financial and Economic Crises and Their Impact On Health and Social Well-Being". POLICY, POLITICS, HEALTH AND MEDICINE SERIES, Vicente Navarro, Series Editor. Baywood Publishing Company, Inc. Amityville, New York.

Julià M, Ollé-Espluga, Vanroelen C, De Moortel D, Mousaid S, Vinberg S, Puig-Barrachina V, Sánchez E, Muntaner C, Artazcoz L, Benach J. Employment and labor market results for the SOPHIE Project: concepts, analyses and policies. Int J Health Serv 2017; 47(1):18-39.

Julià M, Vanroelen C, Bosmans K, Van Aerden K, Benach J. Precarious employment and employment quality in relation to health and well-being in Europe. Int J Health Serv.  2017; 47(3):389-409.

Benach, J., Julià, M., Tarafa, G., Mir, J., Molinero, E., & Vives, A. (2015). "Multidimensional measurement of precarious employment: Social distribution and its association with health in Catalonia (Spain)". Gaceta Sanitaria, 29(5), 375-378.doi:10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.04.002. Click here

Julià, M., Tarafa, G., O'Campo, P., Muntaner, C., Jódar, P., & Benach, J. (2016). "Informal employment in high-income countries for a health inequalities research: A scoping review". Work, 53(2), 347-356. doi:10.3233/WOR-152176. Click here

Llop-Gironés, A., Tarafa, G., Benach, J. (2015). "Nurse staffing, working conditions and the impact on health". Gaceta Sanitaria, 29(2), 155-156. doi:10.1016/j.gaceta.2014.10.005. Click here

For further information on publications, please click here.

Images provided by Laia Ollé and Mireia Julià.