Numerous studies and reports show how the fundamental factors influencing public health (the health of the entire population), have to do specially with <social determinants of health> (DSS) such as security and quality of water and food, the quality of employment and working conditions, ecology and environmental conditions, quality of housing and existing services in the territory, and other social factors of enormous importance that determine health and equity in population health.
The report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health, WHO, for example, clearly pointed to <social injustice is killing many people>, and health inequalities are the result of the situation where people grow, live, work and age, and the type of systems used to combat the disease. In turn, the conditions in which people live and die are shaped by political, social and economic forces>.
For example, scientific research has shown how workers with worse wage, labor and social situation are those who have cholesterol levels or blood glucose higher, and those who smoke more and do less exercise. The reasons for this are not genetic, or <personal> due to a <free> individual choice, nor is it due to health services. Healthcare explains only part of improving health and reducing mortality, which does not mean that healthcare system is unnecessary and ineffective, or its role in the quality of life of patients irrelevant, but only that its overall effect on public health is lower than many believe.
The GREDS-EMCONET have worked for years on the field of social determinants, inequalities in health and quality of life. During these years we have developed numerous research projects and have published a great number of articles in first level scientific journals. Below you can find part of our scientific work in this field. (Also available scientific dissemination documents in section Knowledge Transfer).