Peer reviewed journal articles and conference papers

Lehtonen, M., Kojo, M., Jartti, T., Litmanen, T. & Kari, M. 2020. The roles of the state and social licence to operate? Lessons from nuclear waste management in Finland, France, and Sweden. Energy Research and Social Science. Vol. 61 (March).

Kojo, M., Kari, M., Litmanen, T., Vilhunen, T. & Lehtonen, M. 2020. The critical Swedes and the consensual Finns: Leading newspapers as watchdogs or lapdogs of nuclear waste repository licensing? Energy Research and Social Science. Vol. 61 (March).

Lehtonen, M. 2020. History, Trust and Mistrust: Lessons From Radioactive Waste Disposal Megaprojects. In: Ronggui, D. (ed.), Trust in Major and Mega Projects. 7th IPMA Research Conference, Zagreb, Croatia, Sept 4-7, 2019. International Project Management Association – IPMA. Pp. 291-307.

Lehtonen, M. 2019.The multiple faces of trust in statistics and indicators: A case for healthy mistrust and distrust. Statistical Journal of the IAOS 35(4): 539–548. DOI 10.3233/SJI-190579

Lehtonen, M. & de Carlo, L. 2019. Community energy and the virtues of mistrust and distrust: Lessons from Brighton and Hove energy cooperatives. Ecological Economics, Vol. 164 (October).

Lehtonen, M. & de Carlo, L. 2019. Diffuse institutional trust and specific institutional mistrust in Nordic participatory planning: Experience from contested urban projects. Planning Theory and Practice 20(2): 203-220.

Lehtonen, M. 2019. Ecological economics and megaproject appraisal: lessons from megaproject scholarship and topics for a research programme. Ecological Economics 159(May): 148-156.

Lehtonen, M., Sébastien, L. & Bauler, T. 2016. The multiple roles of sustainability indicators in informational governance: between intended use and unanticipated influence. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 18: 1–9.

Lehtonen, M. 2014. Evaluating megaprojects: from the “iron triangle” to network mapping. Evaluation 20(3): 278-295.

Lehtonen, M. 2014. Evaluation of “The Social” in Megaprojects: Tensions, Dichotomies, and Ambiguities. International Journal of Architecture, Engineering and Construction 3(2): 98-109.

Lehtonen, M. 2014. Acceptance of Brazilian ethanol fuel and the role of expertise. Biofuels 5(3): 261-274. Sébastien, L., Lehtonen, M. & Bauler, T. 2014. Can indicators fill the gap between science and policy?

An exploration of the (non) use and (non) influence of indicators in EU and UK policymaking. Nature & Culture 9(3): 316-343. doi:10.3167/nc.2014.090305.

Lehtonen, M. 2013. The non-use and influence of UK Energy Sector Indicators. Ecological Indicators 35(December): 24-34.

Gasparatos, A., Lehtonen, M. & Strömberg, P. 2013. Do we need a unified appraisal framework to synthesize biofuel impacts? Biomass and Bioenergy 50(1): 75–80.

Sorrell, S., Lehtonen, M., Stapleton, L., Pujol, J. & Champion, T. 2012. Decoupling of road freight energy use from economic growth in the United Kingdom. Energy Policy 41(February): 84–97.

Teräväinen, T., Lehtonen, M. & Martiskainen, M. 2011. Climate change, energy security and risk – Debating new nuclear build in Finland, France and the UK. Energy Policy 39(6): 3434–3442.

Lehtonen, M. 2011. Social sustainability of the Brazilian bioethanol: power relations in a centre-periphery perspective. Biomass and Bioenergy 35(6): 2425-2434.

Lehtonen, M. 2010. Deliberative decision-making on radioactive waste management in Finland, France and the UK: Influence of mixed forms of deliberation in the macro discursive context. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences 7(3): 175-196.

Lehtonen, M. 2010. Opening up or Closing Down Radioactive Waste Management Policy? Debates on Reversibility and Retrievability in Finland, France, and the United Kingdom. Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy 1(4): 139-179.

Lehtonen, M. 2009. OECD organisational discourse, peer reviews and sustainable development: an ecological-institutionalist perspective. Ecological Economics 69(2): 389-397.

Sorrell, S., Lehtonen, M., Stapleton, L., Pujol, J. & Champion, T. 2009. Decomposing road freight energy use in the United Kingdom. Energy Policy 37(8): 3115–3129.

Lehtonen, M. & Nye, S. 2009. History of electricity network control and distributed generation in the UK and western Denmark. Energy Policy 37(6): 2338-2345.

Lehtonen, M. 2008. Mainstreaming Sustainable Development in the OECD through Indicators and Peer Reviews. Sustainable Development 16(3): 241-250.

Berninger, K., Tapio, P., Lehtonen, M. & Willamo, R. 2008/2009. Une approche centrée sur les problèmes pour les sciences de l'environnement. Environments 36(2): 1-18.

Lehtonen, M. 2007. Environmental Policy Integration through the OECD Peer Reviews: Integrating Economy to the Environment or the Environment to the Economy? Environmental Politics 16(1): 15- 35.

Lehtonen, M. 2006. Deliberative Democracy, Participation, and OECD Peer Reviews of Environmental Policies. American Journal of Evaluation 27(2): 185-200.

Lehtonen, M. 2005. OECD Environmental Performance Review Programme: Accountability (f)or Learning? Evaluation 11(2): 169-188.

Lehtonen, M. 2004. The environmental-social interface of sustainable development: capabilities, social capital, institutions. Ecological Economics 49(2): 199-214.


Journal articles currently under peer review

Lehtonen, M. Harder governance built on soft foundations: experience from OECD peer reviews. Revised version submitted to the Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, Special Issue "Harder Soft- Governance" in European Climate and Energy Policy: Following a New Trend?

Lehtonen, M. NEA framing nuclear megaproject ‘pathologies’: vices of the modern Western society?

Nuclear Technology.

Kojo, M., Kari, M., Lehtonen, M., Litmanen, T. News frames, trust and distrust - Leading newspapers making sense of final disposal in Finland and France. Risk, Hazards and Public Policy.


Edited book

Lehtonen, M., Joly, P.-B. & Aparicio, L. (eds.). 2017. Socioeconomic evaluation of megaprojects: Dealing with uncertainties. Routledge. (Including introductory & concluding chapters by the editors).


Forthcoming edited book

Kaijser, A., Lehtonen, M., Meyer, J.-H. & Rubio Varas, MdM (eds.). (late 2020 or early 2021). Engaging the Atom: The History of Nuclear Energy and Society in Europe from the 1950s to the Present. West Virginia University Press.


Edited special issue

Sébastien, L., Lehtonen, M. & Bauler, T.(eds.). Démocratiser la mesure: les indicateurs participatifs. Participations 2017/2 (No. 18). Including: Sébastien, Lehtonen, Bauler, Introduction. Les indicateurs participatifs tiennent-ils leurs promesses ? pp. 9-38.


Forthcoming special issue

Trust, mistrust, distrust and trust-building in the nuclear sector: historical and comparative experience from Europe. Journal of Risk Research (2021). Co-edited with Ana Prades, Josep Espluga, and Stathis Arapostathis.


Selected book chapters

Kaijser, A., Lehtonen, M., Meyer, J.-H. & Rubio Varas, M. (forthcoming). Nuclear Energy and Society in Post-war Europe: An Introduction. In: Kaijser et al., Engaging the Atom: The History of Nuclear Energy and Society in Europe from the 1950s to the Present. West Virginia University Press. Chapter 1.

Josephson, P. & Lehtonen, M. (forthcoming). International Organizations and the Atom: How Comecon, Euratom, and the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency Developed Societal Engagement. In: Kaijser et al., Engaging the Atom: The History of Nuclear Energy and Society in Europe from the 1950s to the Present. West Virginia University Press. Chapter 5.


Lehtonen, M., Cotton, M. & Kasperski, T. (forthcoming). Trust and Mistrust in Radioactive Waste Management: Historical Experience from High- and Low-Trust Contexts. In: Kaijser et al., Engaging the Atom: The History of Nuclear Energy and Society in Europe from the 1950s to the Present. West Virginia University Press. Chapter 7.

Kaijser, A., Lehtonen, M., Meyer, J.-H. & Rubio Varas, M. (forthcoming). Conclusions: Future Challenges for Nuclear Energy and Society in a Historical Perspective. In: Kaijser et al., Engaging the Atom: The History of Nuclear Energy and Society in Europe from the 1950s to the Present. West Virginia University Press. Chapter 11.

Lehtonen, M. & Kojo, M. 2019. The Role and Functions of Community Benefit Schemes: A Comparison of the Finnish and French Nuclear Waste Disposal Projects. In: Brunnengräber, A. & Di Nucci,

M.R. (eds.), Conflicts, Participation and Acceptability in Nuclear Waste Governance: An International Comparison Volume III, Springer VS. Pp. 175-205.

Reverdy, T. & Lehtonen, M. 2017. The Lyon-Turin high-speed railway project and the escalation of commitment. In: Lehtonen, M., Joly, P.-B. & Aparicio, L. (op.cit.), Chapter 4.

Lehtonen, M., Kojo, M. & Litmanen, T. 2017. The Finnish success story in the governance of a megaproject: the (minimal) role of socioeconomic evaluation in the final disposal of spent nuclear fuel. In: Lehtonen, M., Joly, P.-B. & Aparicio, L. (op.cit.), pp. 83-110.

Lehtonen, M. 2017. Operationalizing Information: Measures and Indicators in Policy Formulation. In: Howlett, M. & Mukherjee, I. (eds.) Handbook of Policy Formulation. Cheltenham, UK & Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar. Pp. 161-181.

Lehtonen, M. 2016. Conditions pour une évaluation socioéconomique par la cartographie de réseaux dans un contexte de méfiance : le projet de gestion des déchets radioactifs en France. In: Lamari, M. & Jacob, J. (dir.) Praxis de l’évaluation et de la révision des programmes publics: Approches, compétences et défis. Presses de l’Université du Québec. Pp. 261-280.

Lehtonen, M. 2015. Megaproject Underway: Governance of Nuclear Waste Management in France. In: Brunnengräber, A., Di Nucci, M.R., Isidoro Losada, A.M., Mez, L. & Schreurs, M.A. (eds.): Governance of Nuclear Waste Management: An international Comparison, Springer. Pp. 117-138.

Lehtonen, M. 2015. Indicators: tools for informing, monitoring or controlling? In: Jordan, A.J. & Turnpenny, J.R. (eds.) The Tools of Policy Formulation: Actors, Capacities, Venues and Effects. Edward Elgar. Pp. 76–99.

Lehtonen, M. & Martiskainen, M. 2015. Nuclear power after Fukushima: prospects and implications. In: Ekins, P., Bradshaw, M., Watson, J (eds.) Global Energy: Issues, Potentials, and Policy Implications. Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press. Pp. 306-330.

Lehtonen, M. 2012. Power, social sustainability, and certification of ethanol fuel: view from the Northeast of Brazil. In: Gasparatos, A. & Strömberg, P. (eds.), Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuels: Evidence from Developing Nations. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 144-170.

Lehtonen, M. 2012. Indicators as an appraisal technology: Framework for analysing the policy influence of the UK Energy Sector Indicators. In: Raggamby et al. (eds.), “Sustainable development, evaluation and policy making", Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA. Pp. 175-206.

Lehtonen, M. 2009. OECD Peer Reviews and Policy Convergence: Diffusing Policies or Discourses? In: Biermann, F., Schreyögg, A. and Siebenhühner, B. (eds.), International Organizations and Global Environmental Governance. Routledge Pp. 71-90.

Lehtonen, M. & Kern, F. 2009. Deliberative socio-technical transitions. In: Scrase, I. & MacKerron, G. (eds.), Energy for the Future: A New Agenda. New York and London: Palgrave Macmillan.