After War: Intervention, Peace and Resilience (code: 59055)
Contrary to the initial expectations, international peacebuilding operations have had little success since the 1990s. From Bosnia or Congo to South Sudan, the UN and other international organizations have failed to bring peace and stability. In the literature, they have been criticized for applying one-size-fits-all approaches, for their little consideration of the culture and history of post-war societies and for defending the interests of a world order dominated by Western states. However, in the last five years, international organisations are currently adopting new strategies to correct the failures of the past: there are ‘lessons learned’, ‘hybrid’ and ‘bottom-up’ approaches, context-sensitive policies and emphasis on resilience, local ownership and self-reflexive dialogues among a variety of actors. Are we witnessing the continuation of a 25 years crisis or there is room for hope? This module investigates how peacebuilding is understood and practiced today and speculates about the future of international peacebuilding.
Keywords: conflict, peacebuilding, peacekeeping, governance, humanitarian intervention