Semantic interference is not modality specific: Evidence from sound naming with distractor pictures

  • Authors
  • Wöhner, Stefan; Jescheniak, Jörg D.; Mädebach, Andreas
  • UPF authors
  • MÄDEBACH ., ANDREAS;
  • Type
  • Articles de recerca
  • Journal títle
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
  • Publication year
  • 2020
  • Volume
  • 73
  • Number
  • 12
  • Pages
  • 0-0
  • ISSN
  • 1747-0218
  • Publication State
  • Publicat
  • Abstract
  • In three experiments, participants named environmental sounds (e.g., the bleating of a sheep by producing the word ¿sheep¿) in the presence of distractor pictures. In Experiment 1, we observed faster responses in sound naming with congruent pictures (e.g., sheep; congruency facilitation) and slower responses with semantically related pictures (e.g., donkey; semantic interference), each compared with unrelated pictures (e.g., violin). In Experiments 2 and 3, we replicated these effects and used a psychological refractory period approach (combining an arrow decision or letter rotation task as Task 1 with sound naming as Task 2) to investigate the locus of the effects. Congruency facilitation was underadditive with dual-task interference suggesting that it arises, in part, during pre-central processing stages in sound naming (i.e., sound identification). In contrast, semantic interference was additive with dual-task interference suggesting that it arises during central (or post-central) processing stages in sound naming (i.e., response selection or later processes). These results demonstrate the feasibility of sound naming tasks for chronometric investigations of word production. Furthermore, they highlight that semantic interference is not restricted to the use of target pictures and distractor words but can be observed with quite different target¿distractor configurations. The experiments support the view that congruency facilitation and semantic interference reflect some general cognitive mechanism involved in word production. These results are discussed in the context of the debate about semantic-lexical selection mechanisms in word production.
  • Complete citation
  • Wöhner, Stefan; Jescheniak, Jörg D.; Mädebach, Andreas. Semantic interference is not modality specific: Evidence from sound naming with distractor pictures Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 2020; 73(12).
Bibliometric indicators
  • 0 times cited Scopus
  • 0 times cited WOS
  • Índex Scimago de 1.419 (2019)