Testing Cognition and Rehabilitation in Unilateral Neglect with Wedge Prism Adaptation: Multiple Interplays Between Sensorimotor Adaptation and Spatial Cognition

  • Authors
  • Rossetti Y, Jacquin-Courtois S, Calabria M, Michel C, Gallagher S, Honoré J, Luauté J, Farné A, Pisella L, Rode G
  • UPF authors
  • CALABRIA, MARCO;
  • Authors of the book
  • Kansaku K, Cohen LG, Birbaumer N (Eds)
  • Book title
  • Clinical Systems Neuroscience
  • Publisher
  • Springer
  • Publication year
  • 2015
  • Pages
  • 359-381
  • ISBN
  • 9784431562665
  • Abstract
  • Spatial neglect is a neurological condition characterised by deficits for perceiving, attending, representing, and/or performing actions within their left-sided space, responsible for numerous debilitating effects in everyday life, for poor functional recovery, and for decreased ability to benefit from treatment. Exposure to a right lateral displacement of the visual field (induced by a simple target-pointing task with base-left wedge prisms) is known to directionally bias visuomotor coordination and can be compensated by both sensorimotor adaptation and cognitive processes. Sensorimotor adaptation gives rise to after-effects whose duration is amplified in neglect patients and has been repeatedly shown to improve most neglect symptoms. Interestingly the effectiveness of PA has also been demonstrated for non-motor and non-visual tasks, such as for somatosensory extinction, for deficits in mental imagery of geographic maps and in number bisection, and even for visuo-constructive disorders, i.e. for unexposed sensory and motor modalities. Visuomotor adaptation appears to interact with higher-order brain functions related to multisensory integration and can have beneficial effects on sensory processing in different modalities as well as cognition. The bottom-up effects of prism adaptation on spatial cognition can also be applied to patients with complex regional pain syndrome who exhibit a spatial cognition bias towards the affected side. Such bottom-up effects exemplify the powerful potential of new approaches to rehabilitation that rely on physiological grounds and bypass intentional control, resulting in reduced attentional cost. We speculate that bottom-up effects may be completed by rounds of reverberation forming a virtuous circle leading to full-blown therapeutic effects.
  • Complete citation
  • Rossetti Y, Jacquin-Courtois S, Calabria M, Michel C, Gallagher S, Honoré J, Luauté J, Farné A, Pisella L, Rode G. Testing Cognition and Rehabilitation in Unilateral Neglect with Wedge Prism Adaptation: Multiple Interplays Between Sensorimotor Adaptation and Spatial Cognition. Dins: Kansaku K, Cohen LG, Birbaumer N (Eds). Clinical Systems Neuroscience. 1 ed. Springer; 2015. p. 359-381.
Bibliometric indicators
  • 17 times cited Scopus
  • Índex Scimago de 0