Experience-dependent emergence of a grouping bias

  • Authors
  • Toro, JM; Nespor M.
  • UPF authors
  • TORO SOTO, JUAN MANUEL;
  • Type
  • Articles de recerca
  • Journal títle
  • Biology Letters
  • Publication year
  • 2015
  • Volume
  • 11
  • Number
  • 9
  • Pages
  • 0-0
  • ISSN
  • 1744-9561
  • Publication State
  • Publicat
  • Abstract
  • Humans share with non-human animals perceptual biases that might form the basis of complex cognitive abilities. One example comes from the principles described by the iambic¿trochaic law (ITL). According to the ITL, sequences of sounds varying in duration are grouped as iambs, whereas sequences varying in intensity are grouped as trochees. These grouping biases have gained much attention because they might help pre-lexical infants bootstrap syntactic parameters (such as word order) in their language. Here, we explore how experience triggers the emergence of perceptual grouping biases in a non-human species. We familiarized rats with either long¿short or short¿long tone pairs. We then trained the animals to discriminate between sequences of alternating and randomly ordered tones. Results showed animals developed a grouping bias coherent with the exposure they had. Together with results observed in human adults and infants, these results suggest that experience modulates perceptual organizing principles that are present across species.
  • Complete citation
  • Toro, JM; Nespor M.. Experience-dependent emergence of a grouping bias. Biology Letters 2015; 11(9).
Bibliometric indicators
  • 15 times cited Scopus
  • 15 times cited WOS
  • Índex Scimago de 2.028(2015)