Seizure onset zone lateralization using a non-linear analysis of micro vs. macro electroencephalographic recordings during seizure-free stages of the sleep-wake cycle from epilepsy patients

  • Authors
  • Martínez, Cristina G.B.; Niediek, Johannes; Mormann, Florian; Andrzejak, Ralph Gregor
  • UPF authors
  • BIJNENS, BART H; ANDRZEJAK ., RALPH GREGOR;
  • Type
  • Scholarly articles
  • Journal títle
  • Frontiers in Neurology
  • Publication year
  • 2020
  • Volume
  • 11
  • Pages
  • 0-0
  • ISSN
  • 1664-2295
  • Publication State
  • Published
  • Abstract
  • The application of non-linear signal analysis techniques to biomedical data is key to improve our knowledge about complex physiological and pathological processes. In particular, the use of non-linear techniques to study electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings can provide an advanced characterization of brain dynamics. In epilepsy these dynamics are altered at different spatial scales of neuronal organization. We therefore apply non-linear signal analysis to EEG recordings from epilepsy patients derived with intracranial hybrid electrodes, which are composed of classical macro contacts and micro wires. Thereby, these electrodes record EEG at two different spatial scales. Our aim is to test the degree to which the analysis of the EEG recorded at these different scales allows us to characterize the neuronal dynamics affected by epilepsy. For this purpose, we retrospectively analyzed long-term recordings performed during five nights in three patients during which no seizures took place. As a benchmark we used the accuracy with which this analysis allows determining the hemisphere that contains the seizure onset zone, which is the brain area where clinical seizures originate. We applied the surrogate-corrected non-linear predictability score (¿), a non-linear signal analysis technique which was shown previously to be useful for the lateralization of the seizure onset zone from classical intracranial EEG macro contact recordings. Higher values of ¿ were found predominantly for signals recorded from the hemisphere containing the seizure onset zone as compared to signals recorded from the opposite hemisphere. These differences were found not only for the EEG signals recorded with macro contacts, but also for those recorded with micro wires. In conclusion, the information obtained from the analysis of classical macro EEG contacts can be complemented by the one of micro wire EEG recordings. This combined approach may therefore help to further improve the degree to which quantitative EEG analysis can contribute to the diagnostics in epilepsy patients.
  • Complete citation
  • Martínez, Cristina G.B.; Niediek, Johannes; Mormann, Florian; Andrzejak, Ralph Gregor. Seizure onset zone lateralization using a non-linear analysis of micro vs. macro electroencephalographic recordings during seizure-free stages of the sleep-wake cycle from epilepsy patients. Frontiers in Neurology 2020; 11( ).
Bibliometric indicators
  • 0 times cited Scopus
  • 0 times cited WOS
  • Índex Scimago de 1.23(2020)