Technische Universität Berlin     UPF     Rationality and competition


The aim of this summer school is to introduce young macroeconomists to experimental approaches of research. Macroeconomic theories have traditionally been tested using non-experimental "field" data.  However, modern, micro-founded macroeconomic models can also be tested in the laboratory, and researchers have begun to pursue such experimental tests. Graduate students and young faculty specializing in macroeconomics or experimental economics are invited to attend this intensive 5-day summer school. 

The  summer school will be held from July 1 to 7, 2018 at Technische Universität Berlin, Germany. Students will be taught experimental methods and are introduced to various topics of experimental research relevant for macroeconomics, such as growth, labor, monetary exchange, financial crises, equilibrium selection and stability. Students will be asked to participate in experiments and to develop their own experimental macroeconomic projects in groups of 3 or 4 students. Faculty will assist with and critique these projects. The different links on the top of this page will give you access to details regarding the particulars of the summer school in experimental macroeconomics.

The summer school consists of 5 days of teaching with 9-10 lectures á 90 minutes by the faculty, 4-5 experiments, 5 group sessions of 90 minutes each, and a final session in which student groups present their proposals and get comments from the faculty. Faculty members will also help during the group sessions for counseling students. Students can also submit research proposals as part of their summer school application, though this is not a requirement for participation in the summer school. Indeed, one purpose of the summer school is to start new research projects and think of macroeconomic topics and models that can be implemented in the laboratory or in field experiments in a way that advances our knowledge of behavior and our understanding of macroeconomics. Past participants have published articles based on their summer school projects in high-ranked journals.

Summer school students are expected to attend the 2-day 9th BESLab International Workshop on Theoretical and Experimental Macroeconomics  from July 2-3, 2018 that will also take place in Technische Universität Berlin, Germany.

The deadline for applications is Saturday, April 14, 2018.

Participants will have the option to book single rooms in a low-cost hotel nearby university and city center. Due to the generous funding by Joachim Herz Foundation, we require only a small participation fee of 100 Euros. We also provide some scholarships covering travel costs for students who need financial assistance.

Summer school in experimental macroeconomics faculty:

Lecturers and Organizers

The workshop is funded by the Joachim Herz Stiftung and by the CRC TRR 190 Rationality and Competition.


Technische Universität Berlin     UPF     Rationality and competition


An intensive 5-day summer school devoted to instructing macroeconomists in experimental methods will be offered on the main campus in Technische Universität Berlin, Germany , from July 1-7, 2018. The aim of the summer school will be both to promote experimental methods among macroeconomists and to assist with and critique participants' proposals for macroeconomic experiments.

Additionally students of the summer school are invited to the 2-day 9th BESLab International Workshop on Theoretical and Experimental Macroeconomics  from July 2 -3, 2018.

There are many insights to be gained from controlled laboratory experimentation that cannot be obtained using standard macroeconometric approaches, i.e., econometric analyses of the macroeconomic data reported by government agencies. Often the data most relevant to testing a macroeconomic model are simply unavailable. There may also be identification, endogeneity and equilibrium selection issues that cannot be satisfactorily addressed using econometric methods. Indeed, Nobel Laureate Robert Lucas (1986) was among the first macroeconomist to make such observations and he invited laboratory tests of rational expectations macroeconomic models. The summer school will review the experimental literature in macroeconomics that has arisen in the 30 years since Lucas's invitation. A tentative schedule of topics to be covered is given below.

Sunday, July 1: Introduction


Introduction of participants


Overview of Macroeconomic Experiments (John Duffy) 



Basic Experimental Methodology (Rosemarie Nagel)

Key Readings: Nagel, Buehren and Frank (2017), Samuelson (2005), Smith (2002)


Coffee break


Participate in Experiment, Form Groups to work on Projects


July 2 and 3: Attendance of conference


Wednesday, July 4: Designing Macro experiments


Complexity and Abstraction: Designing Macro Experiments (Shyam Sunder)

Key readings: Sunder (2006), Lim et al. (1994),  Marimon, Sunder, (1993), (1994), Huber, Shubik, Sunder. (2011a), (2011b).

10:30-11:00 Coffee break


Group session: work on project




Experiments with Minimally Institutions and Minimally Intelligent Agents (Shyam Sunder)

Key readings: Gode, Sunder (1993), (1997), (2004), Huber, Shubik, Sunder (2010). Angerer, Huber, Shubik, Sunder (2010), Huber, Shubik, Sunder (2011). 


Coffee break


Participation in Experiment

19:00 Summer School Dinner at the Restaurant “Filmbuehne”


Thursday, July 5: Financial Markets and Stabilization Policies  


Asset Pricing, Bubbles and Crashes (John Duffy)

Key reading: Smith Suchaneck and Williams (1998), Lei Noussair and Plott (2001),Hommes et al. (2005), Hussam et al (2008), Crockett and Duffy (2010).[View Lectures] 

10:30-11:00 Coffee Break


Group session: work on project




Monetary Experiments (Gabriele Camera)

Key Readings: Bigoni, Camera, and Casari (2015); Camera, Casari, and Bigoni (2013); Camera and Casari (2014); Kandori (1992); Kocherlakota (1998). [View Lectures]   


Coffee break


Participation in Experiment.


Friday, July 6: Coordination


Understanding Financial Crises: The Contribution of Experimental Economics  (Frank Heinemann)

Key readings: Brunnermeier, M, and J. Morgan (2008), Kübler, D. and G. Weizsäcker (2004), Heinemann, F., R.Nagel, and P. Ockenfels (2009) 

10:30-11:00 Coffee Break


Group session: work on project




Speculative Attacks and the Theory of Global Games (Frank Heinemann) 

Key Readings: Morris, S., and H.S. Shin (1998), Heinemann, Frank (2000), Heinemann, F., R. Nagel, and P. Ockenfels (2004) 


Coffee break


Participation in Experiment.


Saturday, July 7: Growth


Economic Growth Experiments (Gabriele Camera)

Key Readings: Cass (1965), Lei and Noussair (2002), Capra, Camerer, Tanaka, Feiler, Sovero, and Noussair (2009).

10:30-11:00 Coffee break


Group session: work on project




Student Presentations of Projects  


Technische Universität Berlin     UPF     Rationality and competition


Gabriele Camera

Gabriele Camera is Professor of Economics and Finance at the Economic Science Institute, Chapman University. He is also Professor of Macroeconomics at University of Bologna on a part-time basis. His research interest spans several areas, including economic theory, experimental economics, industrial organization, labor economics, macroeconomics and monetary economics. 


Selected publications:

Camera G., and J. Kim. Dynamic directed search. Economic Theory, 62(1), pp. 131-154.

Camera, G., and A. Gioffrè (2014). Game-theoretic foundations of monetary equilibrium. Journal of Monetary Economics 63, 51–63.

Camera, G., and M. Casari (2014). The coordination value of monetary exchange: experimental evidence. American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 6(1), 290–314.

Camera, G., and Y. Chien (2014). Understanding the distributional impact of long-run inflation. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking 46(6), 1137–1170.

Camera, G., M. Casari, and M. Bigoni (2013). Money and trust among strangers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(37), 14889–14893.


John Duffy

John Duffy is Professor of Economics at the University of California, Irvine. He does research on the micro-foundations of macro-economic activity. His aim is to understand how groups of individuals (societies) make economic forecasts and decisions and how they resolve coordination problems. He have attempted to address such questions using theoretical models, computational methods and controlled laboratory experiments with human subjects. 


Selected publications:

"Macroeconomics: A Survey of Laboratory Research" to appear in Handbook of Experimental Economics, Volume 2, A. Roth and J. Kagel, editors.

"Cooperative Behavior and the Frequency of Social Interaction," (with J. Ochs), forthcoming in Games and Economic Behavior.

"Sunspots in the Laboratory," (with E. O'N. Fisher), American Economic Review 95 (2005), 510-529.

"Intrinsically Worthless Objects as Media of Exchange: Experimental Evidence," (with J. Ochs), International Economic Review 43 (2002), 637-673.


Frank Heinemann

Frank Heinemann is Professor of Macroeconomics at Berlin Institute of Technology, Germany. He earned his PhD in Mannheim in 1996. He has taught macroeconomics and game theory at the universities of Frankfurt am Main, Munich (LMU) and Mannheim and at the German central bank (Bundesbank) before he changed to Berlin in 2006. His main areas of research are monetary macroeconomics and coordination games.


Selected publications:

"Experiments on Monetary policy and Central Banking" (with Camille Cornand), in John Duffy (ed.): Experiments on Macroeconomics, Research in Experimental Economics, Vol 17, 2014, pp. 167-227.

"Characterising Equilibrium Selection in Global Games with Strategic Complementarities" (with Christian Basteck and Tijmen Daniëls), Journal of Economic Theory, 148, 2013, pp. 2620-2637.

"Optimal Degree of Public Information Dissemination" (with Camille Cornand), The Economic Journal 118 (April), 2008, pp. 718-742.

"The Theory of Global Games on Test: Experimental Analysis of Coordination Games with Public and Private Information" (with Rosemarie Nagel and Peter Ockenfels), Econometrica 72 (5), 2004, pp. 1583-1599.


Rosemarie Nagel

Rosemarie Nagel is ICREA research professor at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF-BGSE), research director of the experimental laboratory (LEEX-UPF), and member of CESifo. She earned her PhD in the European Doctoral Program at the University of Bonn (1994). Her research interest is in experimental economics, behavioural economics, and neuro economics.


Selected publications:

"The agencies method for coalition formation in experimental games," (with John Nash Jr, Axel Ockenfels, and Reinhard Selten), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Dec. 11, 2012, 109 (50), 20358-20363.

"Measuring Strategic Uncertainty in Coordination Games" (with Frank Heinemann and Peter Ockenfels), Review of Economic Studies, 76, 2009, pp. 181-221.

"Neural correlates of depth of strategic reasoning in medial prefrontal cortex" (with Giorgio Coricelli), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS): Economic Sciences,
PNAS June 9, 2009 vol. 106 no. 23 9163-9168

"One, Two, (Three), Infinity...: Newspaper and Lab Beauty-Contest Experiments", (with Antoni Bosch-Domènech , Jose García-Montalvo , and Albert Satorra), American Economic Review December 92 (5), 2002, pp 1687-1701.


Shyam Sunder

Shyam Sunder is the James L. Frank Professor of Accounting, Economics, and Finance at the Yale School of Management; Professor in the Department of Economics; and Fellow of the Whitney Humanities Center. His research contributions include financial reporting, dissemination of information in security markets, statistical theory of valuation, and design of electronic markets. He is a pioneer in the fields of experimental finance and experimental macroeconomics.  Sunder's current research includes the problem of structuring U.S. and international accounting and auditing institutions to obtain a judicious and efficient balance between regulatory oversight and market competition. He is in the editorial board of Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, Experimental Economics, Indian Accounting Review, Computational & Mathematical Organization Theory.


Selected publications:

"Price Bubbles Sans Dividend Anchors: Evidence from Laboratory Stock Markets" (with S. Hirota), Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Vol. 31, No. 6, 1875-1909, June, 2007.

"Regulation and the Marketplace" (with K. Jamal and M. Maier), Regulation, Vol. 6 No. 4, Winter 2003-2004.

"Markets as Artifacts: Aggregate Efficiency from Zero-Intelligence Traders" (with M.E. Augier and J.G. March), Models of a Man: Essays in Memory of Herbert A. Simon, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004.


Technische Universität Berlin     UPF     Rationality and competition


Gabriele Camera

  • Monetary Experiments and Economic Growth Experiments:

The lecture is divided into two segments: Monetary Experiments and Economic Growth Experiments. At the start of each segment a brief theory part will develop a theoretical platform for monetary models (first segment of lecture) and classical growth models (second segment of lecture). The second segment will focus on models of representative agents and competitive equilibrium. The first segment will focus on models of strategic interaction and Nash equilibrium, which have been adopted to study a variety of topics including labor, IO, money and finance; this overlap opens the door to exploring related applications, such as cooperation, collusion, trust, equilibrium selection, coordination.

The main goals are: (1) To review basic techniques used in theoretical modeling of growth and of money; (2) To study how those models have been brought to the lab, (3) To understand the insights emerging from recent experimental applications. At the end of the course students will possess an expanded set of tools, which will be helpful to read critically the literature and to engage independent research.

The papers listed in the Literature below are in addition to relevant papers that are already covered elsewhere in the workshop.

  • General literature

Bigoni, M., G. Camera, and M. Casari (2014). Money is more than memory. Economic Science Institute working paper # 14-17

Bigoni, M., G. Camera, and M. Casari (2015). Money and the scale of cooperation. Economic Science Institute working paper # 15-28

Camera, G., and M. Casari (2009). Cooperation among strangers under the shadow of the future. American Economic Review 99(3), 979–1005.

Camera, G., M. Casari, and M. Bigoni (2013). Experimental Markets with Frictions. Journal of Economic Surveys 27(3), 536–553.

Camera, G., M. Casari, and M. Bigoni (2013). Money and trust among strangers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110(37), 14889-14893.

Camera, G., and M. Casari (2014). The coordination value of monetary exchange: experimental evidence. American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 6(1), 290-314.

Diamond P., (1982). Aggregate Demand Management in Search Equilibrium. Journal of Political Economy 90, 881‑894.

Duffy, John (forthcoming). Macroeconomics: A Survey of Laboratory Research. In: Handbook of Experimental Economics, volume 2, John Kagel and Al Roth editors.

Ellison, Glenn (1994). Cooperation in the prisoner's dilemma with anonymous random matching. Review of Economic Studies, 61, 567-88.

Kandori, Michihiro (1992). Social norms and community enforcement. Review of Economic Studies, 59, 63-80.

Kocherlakota, N. (1998). Money is memory. Journal of Economic Theory 81, 232-251

Lei V., and C. Noussair (2002). An Experimental Test of an Optimal Growth Model. American Economic Review 92(3), 549-570.

Capra, M., C. Camerer, T. Tanaka, L. Feiler, V. Sovero, and C. Noussair (2009). The Impact of Simple Institutions in Experimental Economies with Poverty Traps. Economic Journal 119(539), 977 - 1009.

Smith, Vernon L. (1994). Economics in the Laboratory. Journal of Economic Perspectives 8(1), 113-131

Townsend, R. (1980). Models of Money with Spatially Separated Agents. In Models of Monetary Economies, J. Kareken and N. Wallace editors, p. 265-303


John Duffy

  • Overview of Macroeconomic Experiments

This lecture will expose participants to the breadth of macroeconomic topics and questions that have been explored using laboratory methods. The aim of this lecture will be to stimulate thinking about ideas for new projects that build on what has already been done. In addition, participants will be encouraged to extend laboratory methods to macroeconomic models or questions that have not been previously addressed. Methodological issues that are particularly relevant to macroeconomic experiments, e.g., implementation of discounting and infinite horizons, will also be addressed.

  • Readings:

Duffy, J. (fortcoming), "Macroeconomics: A Survey of Laboratory Research" to appear in Handbook of Experimental Economics, vol. 2, edited by John Kagel and Al Roth.

Ochs, J. (1995), "Coordination Problems," in J. Kagel and A.E. Roth, (Eds.),The Handbook of Experimental Economics, (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Ricciuti, R. (2005), "Bringing Macroeconomics into the Lab," working paper, University of Siena.

Duffy, J. (1998), "Monetary Theory in the Laboratory," Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 80, 9-26.

  • Monetary Theory

Among the central questions in monetary theory are why intrinsically worthless fiat money serves as a store of value and why it is used as a medium of exchange when other assets dominate it in rate of return. Various theories have been developed to address these fundamental questions. For instance, overlapping generations models of money may explain why fiat money has value, and search-theoretic approaches can rationalize why money is used when dominated in rate of return by other competing assets. However, the frictions in these models -overlapping generations and search frictions- make them difficult to take to field data. On the other hand, a number of laboratory studies of such models have been conducted. These lectures will outline the main findings from those studies and point out promising new extensions.

  • Literature:

Duffy, J. (1998), "Monetary Theory in the Laboratory," Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 80 (September/October), 9-26.

  • Theory:

Lucas, R.E. (1986), "Adaptive Behavior and Economic Theory," Journal of Business 59,

Wallace, N. (1980), "The Overlapping Generations Model of Fiat Money," in J.H. Kareken and N. Wallace, Eds., Models of Monetary Economies, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Kiyotaki, N. and R. Wright (1989), "On Money as a Medium of Exchange," Journal of Political Economy 97, 927-54

  • Experiments:

Bernasconi, M. and Kirchkamp, O. (2000), "Why Do Monetary Policies Matter? An Experimental Study of Saving and Inflation in an Overlapping Generations Model," Journal of Monetary Economics 46, 315-43.

Brown, P. (1996), "Experimental Evidence on Money as a Medium of Exchange," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 20, 583-600.

Camera, G., Noussair, C., and Tucker, S. (2003), "Rate-of-Return Dominance and Efficiency in an Experimental Economy," Economic Theory 22, 629-60.

Duffy, J. and J. Ochs (2002), "Intrinsically Worthless Objects as Media of Exchange: Experimental Evidence," International Economic Review 43, 637-73.

Duffy, J. and J. Ochs (1999), "Emergence of Money as a Medium of Exchange: An Experimental Study," American Economic Review 89, 847-77.

Lim, S. Prescott, E.C. and Sunder, S. (1994), "Stationary Solution to the Overlapping Generations Model of Fiat Money: Experimental Evidence," Empirical Economics 19, 255-77.

Marimon, R. and Sunder, S. (1994), "Expectations and Learning under Alternative Monetary Regimes: An Experimental Approach," Economic Theory 4, 131-62.<

Marimon, R. and Sunder, S. (1993) "Indeterminacy of Equilibria in a Hyperinflationary World: Experimental Evidence," Econometrica 61, 1073-107.


Frank Heinemann

  • Understanding Financial Crises: The Contribution of Experimental Economics

The patterns of financial crises are remarkably predictable. Minsky (1972) has described these patterns by phases, some of which contain behavioural hypotheses that can be tested by laboratory experiments. Under which conditions can bubbles arise? When do they burst? Why do people herd and does herding destabilize financial markets? What triggers a bank run and how do people coordinate in an environment with multiple equilibria? This lecture will lay out experimental evidence containing some answers to these questions. In particular, we will look at experiments on games with strategic complementarities. How predictable are choices if the game has multiple equilibria and which theory is well-suited to give advice for individual behavior? Managing information flow is one of the major challenges for central banks and bank supervisors. The lecture explains what we can learn from experiments for managing information flow in the presence of strategic complementarities.

  • Literature:

Minsky, H.P. (1972), Financial Instability Revisited: the Economics of Disaster

Brunnermeier, Markus, and John Morgan (2008), Clock Games: Theory and Experiments, Games and Economic Behavior, forthcoming,

Kübler, Dorothea, and Georg von Weizsäcker (2004), Limited Depth of Reasoning and Failure of Cascade Formation in the Laboratory, Review of Economic Studies 71, 425-442.

Schotter, Andrew, and Tanju Yorulmazer (2009), On the Severity of Bank Runs,  Journal of Financial Intermediation 18, 217-241.

Heinemann, Frank, Rosemarie Nagel, and Peter Ockenfels (2009), Measuring Strategic Uncertainty in Coordination Games, Review of Economic Studies 76, 181-221.

Cornand, C., and F. Heinemann (2010), Measuring Agents' Reaction to Private and Public Information in Games with Strategic Complementarities, CESifo Working Paper 2947

Heinemann, Frank (2012), Understanding Financial Crises: The Contribution of Experimental Economics, Annals of Economics and Statistics, 107-108, 2012, pp. 7-29,

  • Speculative Attacks and the Theory of Global Games - Experimental Tests of Global Game Predictions

Speculative attacks can be viewed upon as coordination games: if a sufficient number of traders (and a sufficient amount of capital) is involved in an attack, the pressure on foreign exchange markets forces the central bank to devaluate its currency. Then, all attacking traders gain from the devaluation. But, if the number of attackers is too small, the central bank can defend the peg, and attacking traders lose on transaction costs. Speculative-attack games have multiple equilibria if payoff functions are common knowledge. The theory of global embeds a coordination game in an environment with private information about parameters of the payoff function. If private information is sufficiently precise, the global game has a unique equilibrium. Hence, the theory of global games can be used for a unique prediction of the outcome of a speculative-attack game. This theory provides a number of hypotheses that can be tested in laboratory experiments. This lecture first presents some of the theoretical background and derives testable hypotheses. Then, it explains experiments that have been used for these tests and shows how they have been analyzed.

  • Literature:


Heinemann, Frank (2002), "Exchange-Rate Attack as a Coordination Game: Theory and Experimental Evidence," Oxford Review of Economic Policy 18, 462-478.

  • Theory:

Obstfeld, Maurice (1997), "Destabilizing Effects of Exchange-Rate Escape Clauses," Journal of International Economics, 61-77.

Carlsson, Hans and Eric van Damme (1993), "Global Games and Equilibrium Selection," Econometrica 61, 989-1018.

Morris, S., and H.S. Shin (1998), "Unique Equilibrium in a Model of Self-Fulfilling Currency Attacks," American Economic Review, 88, 587-597.

Heinemann, Frank (2000), "Unique Equilibrium in a Model of Self-Fulfilling Currency Attacks: Comment," American Economic Review 90, 316-318.

Hellwig, Christian (2002), "Public Information, Private Information, and the Multiplicity of Equilibria in Coordination Games," Journal of Economic Theory 107, pp. 191-222.

  • Experiments:

Heinemann, F., R. Nagel, and P. Ockenfels (2004), "The Theory of Global Games on Test: Experimental Analysis of Coordination Games with Public and Private Information," Econometrica 72 (5), 2004, pp. 1583-1599.

Cornand C. (2006), "Speculative Attacks and Informational Structure: An Experimental Study," Review of International Economics 14, 797-817.


Rosemarie Nagel

  • Methodology

This lecture introduces the methods of experimental economics. We will discuss what is an economic experiment (field vs lab experiment), the different areas in experimental economics and behavioral economics, the link between experimental economics, theory and empirical work, important design issues, and the link between micro and macro experiments. All this will be discussed with the classical Keynesian Beauty Contest game. This introduction is meant to give a quick introduction to those who have never followed an experimental economic course. Prior to the course we will send the participants of the summer school some classical experiments which they can do online.

  • General literature :


Akerlof, G.A. (2002), "Behavioral Macroeconomics and Macroeconomic Behavior, "American Economic Review," 92. 411-433.

Handbook of Experimental Economics, Vol1 (1995), Vol2 (2016), editors J. Kagel &A. Roth

Camerer, C. (2003), "Behavioral Game Theory," Princeton University Pre2016ss

Friedman, D. and Sunder, S. (1994), Experimental Methods. Cambridge Univ. Press: Chapters 1-2: 1-20.

Plott, C. and Smith, V. (2003), Handbook of Experimental Economics Results, North-Holland, Amsterdam.

Smith, V.L. (2002), "Method in Experiment: Rhetoric and Reality." Experimental Economics 5(2): 91-110.

Special issue (2005), Experiment, Theory, World: A Symposium on the Role of Experiments in Economics. Journal of Economic Methodology 12(2).

Papers related to the Beauty Contest game

Camerer, C. F. (2003). Chapter 5, Dominance Solvable Games. Behavioral game theory: Experiments on strategic interaction. Princeton, Princeton University Press.

Vincent P. Crawford, Miguel A. Costa-Gomes, and Nagore Iriberri (2012) "Structural Models of Nonequilibrium Strategic Thinking: Theory, Evidence, and Applications," forthcoming in Journal of Economic Literature.

Antoni Bosch-Domènech , Jose García-Montalvo, Rosemarie Nagel, and Albert Satorra, "One, Two, (Three), Infinity...: Newspaper and Lab Beauty-Contest Experiments", American Economic Review December 92 (5), 2002, pp 1687-1701.

Giorgio Coricelli, Rosemarie Nagel, "Neural correlates of depth of strategic reasoning in medial prefrontal cortex" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS): Economic Sciences, PNAS June 9, 2009 vol. 106.

Nagel Rosemarie (1995), "Unraveling in Guessing Games: An Experimental Study." American Economic Review 85,5 1313-1326.


Shyam Sunder

  • Complexity and Abstraction: Designing Macro Experiments

Relevant real world phenomena and relevant models of interest serve as two important benchmarks in designing laboratory experiments. With their fractal structure, phenomena in field are endlessly complex. Accordingly, realism (i.e., fidelity to the field environment) and theory (i.e., fidelity to the model) place important, often conflicting, demands on design of laboratory experiments.  Do the details matter? Which ones do? How do we find out? Why do the details that "do not matter" exist in the field? If they are just matters of refinement, which refinements are and are not to be ignored in laboratory? How generalizable are the laboratory findings? How does an experimenter find his way through this maze that connects limitless complexity of the field to simple tidy models of economics to gain a better understanding of economic phenomena? We shall explore the practical problems of identifying interesting questions, and developing experimental designs to address them using some examples, notes, and some macro experiments.

Sunder, Shyam. "Determinants of Economic Interaction: Behavior or Structure."Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination 1, no. 1 (May 2006): 21-32. Text (PDF).

Sunder, Shyam. "Real Phenomena, Theory and Design of Laboratory Experiments in Economics." Notes. Text (PDF).

Lim, Suk S., Edward C. Prescott and Shyam Sunder. "Stationary Solution to the Overlapping Generations Model of Fiat Money: Experimental Evidence." Empirical Economics 19, no. 2 (1994): 255-277. Text (PDF)

Marimon, Ramon and Shyam Sunder. "Indeterminacy of Equilibria in a Hyperinflationary World: Experimental Evidence." Econometrica 61, no. 5 (1993): 1073-1108. Text (PDF).

Marimon, Ramon and Shyam Sunder. "Expectations and Learning Under Alternative Monetary Regimes: An Experimental Approach." Economic Theory 4 (1994), 131-162. Text (PDF)

Huber, Juergen, Martin Shubik, and Shyam Sunder. "Financing of Public Goods through Taxation in a General Equilibrium Economy: Theory and Experimental Evidence," Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper 1830, October 23, 2011.

Huber, Juergen, Martin Shubik and Shyam Sunder. "Sufficiency of an Outside Bank and a Default Penalty to Support the Value of Fiat Money: Experimental Evidence." Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper No. 1675, Revised June 12, 2011.

  • Experiments with Minimally Intelligent Agents and Minimal Institutions

Laboratory exploration of properties of economic institutions and policies has traditionally been done using profit motivated human traders. Outcomes of such experiments, when compared with outcomes of identical economies populated with minimally intelligent algorithmic agents yield valuable insights. We can isolate which of the properties of the economies of interest arise from their structure, and which ones are attributable to the behavior of agents. Starting with three micro applications, we shall study three macro applications of this human-algorithm hybrid approach to experimentation.

Gode, Dhananjay K. and Shyam Sunder. "Allocative Efficiency of Markets with Zero Intelligence Traders: Market as a Partial Substitute for Individual Rationality." The Journal of Political Economy 101, no. 1 (February 1993): 119-137.Text (PDF).

Gode, Dhananjay and Shyam Sunder. "What Makes Markets Allocationally Efficient?" Quarterly Journal of Economics 112, no. 2 (May 1997), 603-630. GSIA Reprint No. 1473.Abstract (PDF)Text (PDF).

Gode, Dhananjay K., and Shyam Sunder. "Double Auction Dynamics: Structural Effects of Non-Binding Price Controls."Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 28, no. 9 (July 2004): 1707-1731. Abstract(PDF)Text (PDF).

Huber, Juergen, Martin Shubik and Shyam Sunder. "Three Minimal Market Institutions: Theory and Experimental Evidence."Games and Economic Behavior 70 (2010) 403-424.

Angerer, Martin, Juergen Huber, Martin Shubik and Shyam Sunder. "An Economy with Personal Currency: Theory and Experimental Evidence." Annals of Finance, Volume 6, Number 4, October 2010, pp.475-509.

Huber, Juergen, Martin Shubik and Shyam Sunder"Default Penalty as a Selection Mechanism Among Multiple Equilibria."Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper 1730R, Revised February 6, 2011.


Technische Universität Berlin     UPF     Rationality and competition


To participate in our Summer School, please do the following steps.

Application - Deadline: April 14th, 2018

  1. Send to [email protected] one attached file: File should be your Curriculum Vitae in a email with the following subject: BLEESS18_cv_firstname_last_name.
  2. Fill the following application form. You will see a confirmation message after submitting the form. Before, remember to send your curriculum to [email protected]
  3. Letter of Recommendation:

    Please ask the person who gives you the letter of recommendation to send it as an attached PDF document to the address [email protected], with the following subject:

    Please contact us at [email protected] for another way for sending us the letter, such as ordinary mail or fax, but we strongly encourage to use the e-mail and PDF option to speed up the process.


Students who have been accepted for the school in the first round will be informed by April 27 and have three options: 

  • Students who still plan to participate must register between 27th, April, 2018 and 15th, May, 2018. Together with the registration, a registration fee of 120 US-Dollar or 100 Euros needs to be paid (see below). Students who receive a scholarship, do NOT need to pay this fee. 
  • Students who need accommodation must make a reservation at the hostel to be announced in the acceptance letter until 15th May, 2018. Please, check also the Accomodation page for further details. We cannot guarantee accommodation after this deadline - there is a trade fair at the same time in Berlin and cheap rooms may be scarce!  
  • Students who no longer plan to participate should inform us as soon as possible, in any case before 9th, May, 2018

Please follow the steps bellow to proceed to the payment:

Account Name: Universitat Pompeu Fabra-Campus Ciutadella Activitat 
IBANES38 0081 0603 0800 0137 1146 
Bank: Banc Sabadell 

Address: Via Laietana 47, 08003 Barcelona

Reference Number: BLEESSM2018 followed by your first and last name (for example, BLEESS18_Maria_Smith) AND accompany your transfer by a message to [email protected].

Fees: No fees charged from our bank 


Make Transfer no later than 15th, May, 2018.

*Return fee policy: fees can be returned if:

  • Due to reasons of the organization itself: 100% of the fee will be returned

  • By request of the applicant: 20% of the total amount will be subtracted for administrative costs with a minimun of 30€


Technische Universität Berlin     UPF     Rationality and competition


Summer school participants will have the option to book single rooms in a low-cost hotel nearby university and city center. The price will be 54 Euros per night plus 8.50 for breakfast (optional).

More information about the hotel and how to reserve your room will be given to accepted participants with their acceptance letter.


Technische Universität Berlin     UPF     Rationality and competition


Thanks to the generous funding by Joachim Herz Foundation, we can provide a small number of scholarships for accepted summer school participants who need financial assistance. The scholarship covers travel costs (economy air fare, 2nd-class train tickets) and accommodation. Those who get a scholarship will have to pay upfront and get a reimbursement after the summer school.

We ask applicants for the summer school to apply for a scholarship ONLY IF THEY NEED financial assistance and do not get reimbursed by their university or other parties.

If you want to apply for a scholarship, please indicate so in the application form and confirm that you are not eligible for reimbursement by your university or other parties.


11th BESLab Experimental Economics Summer School in Macroeconomics

July 1-7, 2018

Both, workshop and summer school will take place on the second floor in rooms 2036 and 2037. Signs inside the main building will guide you towards the location.

In this document you will find information on how to get there.

Address:                           Strasse des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany
Telephone number:         (+49) 314 289 07
Fax number:                    (+49) 314 217 98

Contact us