Sylvain Camilleri és professor assistent a l'Institut Superior de Filosofia de la Universitat Catòlica de Lovaina. Les seves àrees d'especialització són la filosofia de la religió, la fenomenologia, l'hermenèutica, la història del pensament i la teologia alemana, i el pensament islàmic contemporani.
El comitè de selecció de l'Associació d'Amics de la Bibliotheca Haas ha decidit concedir una de les Fellowships Haas 2018 (maig-juliol 2019) al Dr. Sylvain Camilleri per tal que pugui desenvolupar el projecte d'investigació que ha presentat: "Faith’s Knowledge in Johann Georg Hamann. On the Genesis and Topicality of XVIIIth Century Glaubensphilosophie".
This project lies at the interface between the philosophy of religion and the histor of Modern philosophy. It deals with a major current from 18th century German thought, which goes by the name of Glaubensphilosophie. Despite its relevance, this current was widely marginalized and underestimated due to the overwhelming success of the Enlightenment in its rationalist trend. My objective is twofold. First, I intend to probe the historical as well as conceptual genesis of Glaubensphilosophie. Where does it come from? How can it claim to rely on Gnosticism and mysticism and pietism as well as on Spinoza and Hume? Why exactly is it called like this? What kind of relationship is there between Glaubensphilosophie, on the one hand, and Gefühlsphilosophie or the early Sturm und Drang movement, on the other hand? Who are its main representatives and how do they relate to each other? From there I shall be able to address a new set of questions regarding the very substance of this current, that is the notion of “Glaube”, which, problematically, means both “belief” and “faith.” At this point, I will hypothesize that these two meanings have to be kept and taken together, for faith is to be thought of as a very peculiar extension of belief leading a certain form of sui generis knowledge, which is of no less theoretical and practical value when it comes to our being-in-the-world. In a subsequent part of the project, I shall examine closely the idea of faith’s knowledge in the work of J. G. Hamann, the main spearhead of Glaubensphilosophie. Eventhough Hamann is commonly held as a highly controversial and abstruse thinker, I will maintain that his idea of faith’s knowledge helps us deciphering his thought and points toward a aesthetics of existence, which goal is to instill or to restore some “play” within the ethicopolitical realm.