Plebiscitarianism Revisited: A Typology of Independence Referendums

  • Authors
  • Sanjaume-Calvet, Marc
  • UPF authors
  • SANJAUME I CALVET, MARC;
  • Type
  • Articles de recerca
  • Journal títle
  • Canadian journal of political science = Revue canadienne de science politique
  • Publication year
  • 2021
  • Pages
  • 0-0
  • ISSN
  • 0008-4239
  • Publication State
  • Publicat
  • Abstract
  • This article explores the strategic functions of independence referendums. These referendums are normally framed as popular decisions on statehood over a certain territory. However, I argue that the popular will does not always have the decisory function that plebiscitarian theories suggest. In fact, actual decision referendums are rare; often independence referendums are instead used strategically as a leverage and signalling tactic. The article is structured as follows. First, I propose two key criteria to classify independence referendums regarding actors and timing. Through the application of these criteria, I build a typology proposing four main uses of referendums: leverage, signalling, decision and ratification. Second, I focus on the specific case of leverage referendums. I argue that analyzing the outcomes of leverage referendums can provide some clues about why secessionists still call for these referendums even though they almost never result in internationally recognized statehood. Finally, I conclude by discussing the implications of my findings.
  • Complete citation
  • Sanjaume-Calvet, Marc. Plebiscitarianism Revisited: A Typology of Independence Referendums. Canadian journal of political science = Revue canadienne de science politique 2021; ( ).
Bibliometric indicators
  • 3 times cited Scopus
  • 2 times cited WOS
  • Índex Scimago de 1.359 (2021)