The seminars are organized with the main objective of allowing researchers (GRITIM-UPF members, PhD candidates and guest researchers from other universities) to expose their own research, regardless of whether it is at an initial stage, with first results, or accomplished. The GRITIM-UPF Seminar series is open to its members and subscribers, as well as to other researchers and master and undergraduate students.
Research Workshops and Seminars in Migration Studies 2020-2021
This academic year the GRITIM-UPF Seminars Series will be focused on Research Methods and Methodologies in Immigration Studies.
- UPF/15:00 to 18:00: Sala Polivalent Rodoreda, Edifici Mercè Rodoreda, UPF Ciutadella Campus, Carrer Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27, Barcelona.
- IBEI/13:30 to 15:30: Room TBA, UPF Ciutadella Campus, Carrer Ramon Trias Fargas 25-27, Barcelona.
- IEMed /18:30-20:30: Carrer Girona, 20, Barcelona.
Note: Those interested to attend are requested before to check the web GRITIM-UPF or contact us at [email protected], since there can be unexpected modifications.
See the poster (Download all the information)
1. Carles Feixa (University of Pompeu Fabra, Catalonia, Spain)
Date: 8th of October, 2020
Title: Transnationalism from Below: West and East Side Stories
Abstract: This lecture is an attempt to "transplant" (worth the redundancy) three concepts linked to transnational studies: "transnationalism from below" (Appadurai, 2001); "minor transnationalism" (Lionnet & Shu-mei, 2005); and "subaltern transnationalism" (Feixa, 2020). For this we rely on the data and reflections resulting from fifteen years investigating transnational youth gangs, more specifically a street youth organization present on both sides of the Atlantic: the Latin Kings & Queens. While the title -Transnationalism from Below- refers to the flow of people and groups belonging to the subaltern sectors of society, the subtitle -West & East Side Stories- refers to the exchange of imagery and cultural identities between both sides of the Ocean. It is an allusion to the original prototype of gang cinematography (West Side Story, 1961), inspired in turn by Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, exported from New York -and from Hollywood- to the whole world since the 1960s, a story that now lives a certain revival. It is also a metaphor for transnational migration processes that have exported the gang culture - and the police and criminal culture to combat them - from the United States to Latin America, and from Latin America to Europe since the 1990s. And finally it is a metonymic representation of the process of "globalization" of the Latin Kings & Queens, who currently live in between of four "homelands": the original "mother earth" in Chicago, the "second homeland" in various Latin American cities -mainly from Ecuador-, the new homeland of the European exodus -in this case in Spain, and the digital homeland established in cyberspace.
Starting from the life stories of three leaders of this organization in the United States, Ecuador and Spain, we analyze how transnationalism affects the gang phenomenon at three levels. Firstly, as transnationalism “from above”, as a circulation of visual imagery rooted in cinema, television series and YouTube videos; as a circulation of "zero tolerance" policies towards street youth groups, translated into police exchanges and the neoliberal penal state; and as a circulation of models of institutional racism that turn young migrants into precarious workers and scapegoats for "moral panic" campaigns. Secondly, as transnationalism "from below", as a circulation of symbols, identities and myths among the youth of a quasi-clandestine organization; as a feeling of brotherhood and mutual aid practices among the victims of globalization; and as an exchange of "knowledge of resistance" and "resilience" that allow the subaltern people to survive in a hostile environment. Last but not least, thirdly, as “two-way transnationalism”, as the circulation of intercultural experiences within and outside the group, which demonstrate the agency capacity of its members to lead a transnational life without dying in the attempt.
TRANSGANG Project. https://www.upf.edu/web/transgang.
EL REY Blog: http://latinkings.es.
Bio: Carles Feixa (Lleida, 1962) is Professor of Social Anthropology at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona). He has a PhD from the University of Barcelona and an Honoris Causa from the University of Manizales (Colombia). Former professor at the University of Lleida, he has been visiting scholar in Rome, Mexico City, Paris, Berkeley, Buenos Aires, Santiago de Chile, Newcastle and Lima. He has specialized in the study of youth cultures, conducting fieldwork research in Catalonia and Mexico. He is author or coauthor of 50 books, including De jovenes, bandas y tribus (Barcelona, 1998, 5th ed. 2012), Jovens na America Latina (São Paulo, 2004), Global Youth? (London & New York, Routledge, 2006), De la Generació[email protected] a la #Generación (Barcelona, Ned, 2014) and Youth, Space and Time (Boston & Leiden, Brill, 2016). He has been co-editor of the journal Young (Londres/Delhi) and member of the editorial board of Nueva Antropología (México), Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud (Colombia), Mondi Migranti (Italia), Analise Social (Portugal), among others. He has been a consultant on youth policies for the United Nations and VP for Europe of the research committee “Sociology of Youth” of the International Sociological Association. In 2017 he obtained two of the highest recognitions to his research work: the ICREA Academia Award of the Generalitat de Catalunya and the Advanced Grant of the European Research Council.
- Feixa, C. 2019. “TRANSGANG. Transnational Gangs as Agents of Mediation: Experiences of Conflict Resolution in Street Youth Organizations in Southern Europe, North Africa and the Americas.” Barcelona: Universitat Pompeu Fabra & European Research Council.
- Feixa, C., Sánchez García, J., Ballesté, E., Cano-Hila, A. B., Masanet, M.-J., Mecca, M., and M.Oliver. 2019. “The (Trans) Gang: Notes and Queries on Youth Street Group Research.” Barcelona: Universitat Pompeu Fabra & European Research Council.
- Feixa, C., and P. Guerra. 2017. “Unidos por el Mismo Sueño en una Canción”: On Music, Gangs and Flows. Portuguese Journal of Social Science 16 (3): 305-22.
- Feixa, C., Canelles, N., Porzio, L., Recio, C., and L. Giliberti. 2008. “Latin Kings in Barcelona.” In Street Gangs, Migration and Ethnicity, edited by F. van Gemert, D. Peterson and I.-L. Lien, Devon (UK): Willan Publishing, pp. 63-78.
2. Migration Debate with IEMed on Radicalism and Extremism
Chair/Moderator: Ricard Zapata-Barrero (GRITIM-UPF, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain)
Moussa Bourekba (Researcher at CIDOB (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs) and Associate Professor in International Relations at Ramon Llull University (Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain).
Mar Benseny Albà (Programme Director at NOVACT, International Institute for Nonviolent Action.
Lurdes Vidal (Director of the Arab and Mediterranean World Department at EIMed, the European Institute of the Mediterranean.
Date: 3rd of December, 2020
Place: Zoom Webinar
Title: Drivers of violent extremism among youth: discussions on prevention
Framework: A discussion within the framework of the Horizon 2020 CONNEKT (Contexts of Violent Extremism in MENA and Balkan Societies) project. Focused on young people aged between 12 and 30 from the MENA region and the Balkans, CONNEKT will analyse seven potential radicalisation factors (religion, digitisation, economic deprivation, territorial inequalities, transnational dynamics, socio political demands, and educational, cultural and leisure opportunities) on three levels (transnational, community and individual) in order to determine their interrelations and specific significance.
Through an interdisciplinary team formed by 14 partners from the region, an innovative methodology will be applied that, along with universities and think tanks, involves civil society
actors and local authorities to recommend, based on the results of the empirical research, tools and measures to prevent violent extremism that can be applied both to the countries under study and the European Union.
- What drives young people to violent extremism (VE)?
- Which are the drivers and how do they interact among them and in relation to collective and individual dynamics?
- Is religion an over-emphasised driver? Does the relation between religion and national belonging play a specific role?
- Is the digital context an overwhelming channel for VE in MENA and Balkans?
- Can we detach social perceptions and expectations from these drivers?
- Detection versus Prevention: How to identify measures and strategies at a community, social and society level to really prevent violent extremism? How can we escape the detection-prevention trap?
- What are the commonalities and specificities of radicalisation and violent extremism in Europe and its neighbouring regions? Can we identify common strategies?
Moussa Bourekba is a Researcher at CIDOB (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs) and Associate Professor in International Relations at Ramon Llull University (Barcelona). Prior to joining CIDOB, he was Junior Research Fellow at the European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed, Barcelona). He also worked as a consultant for the French Institute of International Relations (IFRI, Brussels). At CIDOB, after three years as Project Manager for SAHWA (www.sahwa.eu), an EU-funded project that aims at analysing youth conditions and expectations in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean region, he now focuses on processes of radicalisation, violent extremism in Europe and North Africa, and Islam in Western countries. His main areas of interest are: Arab youth, violent extremism, Islam in Western countries. He speaks French, English, Spanish and Arabic.
Mar Benseny Albà, is the Programme Director at NOVACT (International Institute for Nonviolent Action). She is an expert in international cooperation, peacebuilding, human rights advocacy and nonviolence in the Mediterranean region. She holds a degree in Journalism and a Postgraduate degree in Culture of Peace by the School of Culture of Peace of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. She completed her training by specializing in Security in the Mediterranean and the Middle East through the Gutiérrez Mellado University Institute. She has also attended various courses on migration, refugees, international humanitarian law, nonviolence, protection and human rights defenders. She has been working in the field of international cooperation, peace-building and nonviolence for more than twelve years, mostly in the MENA region. She was part of the coordination team that launched the Observatory to Prevent Extremist Violence (OPEV) in 2017 and she is a member of the International Secretariat at the Iraqi Civil Society Solidarity Initiative (ICSSI).
Lurdes Vidal, is the director of the Arab and Mediterranean World Department at the European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed), the scientific coordinator of the CONNEKT (Contexts of Extremism in MENA and Balkan Societies) Horizon 2020 EU Project, and editor in chief of the journal afkar/ideas. Lurdes Vidal holds a degree in Translation and Interpretation from the Autonomous University of Barcelona and studied International Relations. She lectures on Arab Politics in the Master’s degree in Arab and Islamic World (University of Barcelona), the Master’s degree in International Relations (Institut Barcelona d’Estudis Internacionals), the Degree in International Relations at Blanquerna-Ramon Lull University.
Her notable publications include “Islamophobia. Security Narratives and Countering Violent Extremism. Dangerous Liaisons” (2018), in IEMed. Mediterranean Yerabook 2018, IEMed; “Blogs y redes sociales: la rebelión de los jóvenes árabes” (2013), Fundación Tres Culturas del Mediterráneo; “Syria, Vertigo in the Face of a Radicalised Revolution and an Uncertain Future” (2012), in Med.2012 IEMed Mediterranean Yearbook; “Perceptions on Democracy and Islamism: Hypotheses and Second-Guessed Predictions” (2012), in Euromed Survey 2011, IEMed; “Democracia islámica: ¿un debate envenenado?”, in Ámbitos de Política y Sociedad (2008); Los retos de la educación básica en países del Mediterráneo Sur (2006), Fundación Carolina/CeALCI/IEMed; “Islam político y democracia, riesgo u oportunidad?” (2006), in Ámbitos de Política y Sociedad; “El reto del desarrollo en Egipto” (2006), in DCidob. She lived in Damascus (Syria) in 1998, where she studied Arabic.
- CONNEKT Webpage
CONNEKT’s launching event video (particularly from minute 19:29)
Torrekens, C. and De la Vingne, D. (2020) Concepts and Analytical Framework. Debating Notions and Approaches to Radicalisation and Violent Extremism, Connekt Papers, European Institute of the Mediterranean
Bourekba, M. (2019) Preventing Violent Extremism in France: from a society of vigilance to a society of suspicion, CIDOB Opinion (600), CIDOB
Muro, D. and Bourekba, M. (2020) Best practices on PVE across the Euro-Mediterranean Region, Briefing Paper, NOVACT
3. Migration Debate: A Comparison between the US-Mexico and the Mediterranean Approaches to Migration and Asylum Policies.
Chair/Moderator: Sevda Tunaboylu (GRITIM-UPF, Catalonia, Spain)
Participants: Cristina Mas (Ara Newspaper, Catalonia, Spain) and John Palmer (GRITIM-UPF, Catalonia, Spain)
Date: 14th of January, 2021
Framework: Although migration is a fact in today’s world, there is a growing tendency on the part of nation states to adopt increasingly restrictive policies. This tendency has long roots but it has accelerated in Europe following the “long summer of migration” (Altenried, Moritz et al. 2018) in 2015 and in the United States following the election of Donald Trump. Migration across the Mediterranean and across the US-Mexico borders has become a central focus of policy debates.
In the USA, Trump used a clear anti-immigration discourse early in his presidential campaign and has continued to employ this since becoming president. His policies have included building a wall at the Mexican border, mass deportations, increased use of detention, forcible separation of children from their parents, increased denaturalization of US citizens, and a travel ban that he originally proposed as expressly targeted at Muslims. In the Mediterranean region, the European response to the millions of people fleeing the Syrian war and political and economic unrest in some African regions has involved border externalization and increased border controls, including the building of fences at external borders, increased sea controls, containment of irregular arrivals in hotspots and deportations based on the “safe third country” concept. Both Europe and North America have also witnessed a resurgence of populism and nationalism.
While the US and European policies were implemented at the expense of human rights, it is not clear how much they have actually affected the decision-making and actions of people on the move. Images of people in overcrowded boats on the Mediterranean, bodies of dead migrants, people living in degrading conditions of “hotspot” camps at the borders suggest that people are willing to migrate despite the repressive policies.
The goals of this session will be to compare the policies of countries within the Mediterranean region with the US approach towards migrants and refugees while understanding the main ideas behind each approach and their effects. The debate during the class will revolve around the following questions:
- What are the similarities between Mediterranean and US-Mexico approach? What are the particular challenges facing each border zone?
- To what extent do these policies shape migration behaviour and migration trends?
- What are the human right implications of restrictive asylum and migration policies?
- How do these policies shape the public discourse and vice versa? What is the role of the media in shaping the image of migration within these regions?
- What are the lessons learnt from recent policies, and how to improve for a more refugee-oriented asylum and migration policies?
4. Eda Gemi (EuroMedMig and University of New York Tirana, Albania)
Date: 28th of January, 2021
Title: Integration and Transnationalism in a Comparative Perspective: The Case of Albanian Immigrants in Vienna and Athens
Abstract: Today, the complexity of migration as a contemporary and global phenomenon reveals the variety of its national and regional realities along with the related historical background that defines and frames it. In Europe, the altering of the shape of migration that took place since the end of 1980s largely contributed to its re-conceptualization in the light of a new globalized, diversified and highly politicized environment. In this context the notions of integration and transnationalism have gained a prominent role in understanding the multiple trajectories of migrants. Cross-border movements as well as the emerging multicultural mosaic of the urban environment now seem to be permanent features of European societies.
With this problem in mind, this presentation will address the patterns of interaction between integration and transnationalism under specific context-bound national and local conditions and see how they shape the dynamics of migration trajectories of Albanian migrants. The aim is to investigate the interaction of processes related to integration and transnationalism and to identify the conditions under which these processes may affect each other. It will do so by applying a comparative cross-national and cross-local perspective, focusing on two (receiving) countries that represent different migration and integration regimes, Greece and Austria, particularly focusing on two local metropolitan areas: Athens and Vienna.
Bio: Dr. Eda Gemi is member of the EuroMedMig Steering Committee and a Political Sociologist specialized in governance of migration and integration. She is currently a Senior Lecturer at the University of New York Tirana. Since 2010, she is a Research Fellow at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies of the European University Institute (EUI), Florence, Italy. In the period 2018-2019 she was Visiting Researcher at the ISR – Institute for Urban and Regional Research of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna. A Research Fellow at the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) in the period 2012-2016, she headed the migration research team and conducted a series of research on migration and integration.
Dr. Gemi has authored three books on migration, integration and transnationalism, and the EU-Western Balkan migration system. Her monograph (co-authored with Anna Triandafyllidou) “Rethinking Migration and Return in Southeastern Europe: Albanian Mobilities to and from Italy and Greece” is expected to be published by the Routledge in 2020. She has published many articles in refereed journals (e.g., International Review of Sociology), book volumes (e.g., Oxford University Press) and media.
Eda Gemi was awarded from London Metropolitan University, UK a PhD in Business and Law with a focus on migration and integration. She holds a Master of Arts in Southeast European Studies from the Faculty of Political Science and Public Administration of University of Athens. Her main areas of research are the governance of migration, social integration, transnationalism, mobility, gender of migration and political representation.
- Gemi, E. 2019. “Integration and Transnationalism in a Comparative Perspective: The Case of Albanian Immigrants in Vienna and Athens.” ISR-Forcshungsbericht Heft 50. Herausgegeben vom Institut für Stadt- und Regionalforschung. Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien.
- Gemi E. 2016. Integration and Transnational Mobility in Time of Crisis: The Case of Albanians in Greece and Italy. Studi Emigrazione LIII 202: 237-55.
- Gemi E. 2014. Transnational Practices of Albanian amilies during the Greek Crisis: nemployment, De-regularization and Return. International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie.
5. Ayse Caglar (University of Vienna and Institute for Human sciences, Austria)
Date: 25th of February 2021
Title: Migrants, ‘Coloniality of Power”, and Temporal Frameworks
Abstract: This lecture addresses the racialized and racializing logics of knowledge production and governance that continue to inform the discursive construction of migrants in public discourses and scholarship. Building upon studies showing the “coloniality of power” as being fundamental to appropriations and the dispossessive processes underlying wealth generation, I argue for approaching both the de-valorization and re-valorization of migrants, namely their persecution, displacement and dispossession, as well as their prominence as cultural and religious assets within a common analytical lens. Such an approach however, not only requires a new analytical vocabulary beyond methodological nationalism, but also a radical rethinking of the temporal frameworks we use in studying migrants and their practices and subjectivities.
Bio: Ayse Caglar is University Professor in the Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology at the University of Vienna and a permanent fellow at the Institute for Human Sciences (IWM). Her work focuses on the conceptualization of the location of migrants in city-making processes and urban politics. Her comparative empirical work particularly focuses on mostly deindustrialized, depopulated cities which had lost their power. Caglar has widely published on the processes of migration, urban restructuring, dispossession, and displacement, as well as the entanglements between states and transnationalization processes. In addition to several journal articles, Caglar has edited Urbaner Protest. Revolte in der neoliberalen Stadt (Passagen Verlag, 2019), co-authored Migrants and City-Making: Dispossession, Displacement, and Urban Regeneration (Duke University Press, 2018) and co-edited Locating Migration: Rescaling Cities and Migrants (Cornell University Press, 2010).
Recommended Readings: TBA
6. Migration Debate: Mediterranean Migration Governance: From State-centric to City-centric? Exploring Alternative Policy Paths.
Chair/Moderator: Luisa Faustini Torres (GRITIM-UPF, Catalonia, Spain)
Participants: Gemma Aubarell (Directorate General for Foreign Affairs, Government of Catalonia, Spain) and Carmen Geha (American University of Beirut, Lebanon)
Date: 11th of March, 2021
Framework: The Mediterranean is a region highly affected by complex migration dynamics. Such phenomena have diverse causes and consequences for the multiplicity of actors involved and is currently a central and multidimensional policy issue. Med Migration has been above all a matter of high politics, that is, something handled by traditional politics at the state level or higher governance stances. There is, however, generalized criticism towards the policies carried out by state-actors, pointing out their incapacity of producing proper and sustainable solutions. Consequently, many voices call for moving beyond such state-centric model, considered insufficient for tackling the issue of Med Migration in all its complexity. On the one hand, some voices claim the necessity of setting forth a constructive migration policy based on a multilateral approach and true cooperation between North and South. On the other, some voices how migration is above all an urban phenomenon and how cities have been increasingly claiming their space in the management of migration and diversity (Zaragoza, 2020; Zapata-Barrero, 2020). The general premise seems to be that moving either upward or downward in the governance continuum would imply paradigmatic changes. What is up for discussion is whether moving in those directions is either possible or desirable. Therefore, the purpose of this roundtable is twofold. First, to discuss Mediterranean migration governance at different scales, considering the role of the region, states, and cities. Second, to debate Mediterranean region-making from a multiple perspective, trying to move beyond Euro and State-centrism. The idea is to formulate a most needed debate about the similarities and differences of different levels of governance, as well as the advantages and possibilities of overcoming the current state-centric framework that currently predominates Med Migration governance. Key questions we seek to answer are the following:
- Is there space for a change of paradigm in Med migration governance, from a state-centric scale to a city-centric one?
- Would an alliance of Mediterranean cities be the solution to overcome the lack of integration and coordination between North and South? In this same line, could this be an important step for overcoming eurocentrism that prevails in both research and policy?
- Is the current health crisis an opportunity for changing the paradigm and giving cities a more important role or will the state obtain even more importance due to the regained weight given to border control?
- Can cities foster a new Mediterranean Narrative in terms of migration?
- Does the solution passes through integrating the different levels of governance (local, national, and regional) and fostering a multi-level dialogue?
7. IEMed - EuroMedMig Roundtable: Return Migration (and Reintegration) in the Mediterranean in a Critical Perspective: Questioning Concepts and Practices.
Chair/Moderator: Begum Dereli (GRITIM-UPF, Catalonia, Spain)
Participants: Jean-Pierre Cassarino, Lorenzo Gabrielli (GRITIM-UPF, Catalonia, Spain) and another person TBA.
Discussant: Silvia Morgades-Gil (GRITIM-UPF, Catalonia, Spain)
Place: Institut d'Estudis Catalans, Carrer del Carme, 47, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Framework: For several decades, return - as part of the migration process - has been neglected both in migration studies and policies. This issue appears suddenly in Europe after the oil crisis of 1973-74, when main recruiters of foreign workers shut down formal channels of migration and also developed some programs to encourage the return of immigrants, with very poor outcomes.
Return migration reappeared as a key pillar of the external dimension of European immigration policies during the last two decades, as a dichotomy: on the one hand, the “forced returns” of irregular migrants carried out by European countries individually or under the coordination of Frontex; on the other hand, the “voluntary” or “assisted” return programs often delegated to international organizations, such as IOM, with an increased emphasis on reintegration measures.
This roundtable will look at return and reintegration in a critical perspective, to put into question the dichotomy between “voluntary” and “forced” returns imposed by EU actors and some international organisations. Moreover, the need of this questioning is also underlined by the recent judgement of the European Court of Human Rights which, on November 14th 2019, charged Finland with inadequately assessing the risks of an Iraqis´ return to Iraq through a program ran by IOM, who was in turn killed a month after his arrival, which subsequently obliged the country to indemnify his daughter. This decision represents a cornerstone of states´ responsibility in deportation practices, and illustrates very well all the ambiguities and ambivalences related to the use of the term “(voluntary) return”.
Looking at the Mediterranean region will also allow us to disentangle the complex framework of interests and policies of destination and origin countries, considering exogenous and endogenous logics and interests in framing these topics in the political agendas.
8. Yvan Gastaut (EuroMedMig and University of Côte d’Azur, Nice)
Date: 20th of April, 2021
Title: Mediterranean Cities, Migrations and Cosmopolitanism: History and Memory between Global pproach and Micro History (from the 19th to the 21st centuries).
Abstract: History shows that Mediterranean cities have been based on significant mixing of populations since very ancient times. So that the Mediterranean has become a kind of universal model in terms of cosmopolitanism. My conference will focus on the evolution of plural identities in cities in the south and the north between the colonial period and decolonization. The first part will address the colonial period and more generally the XIXth century which caused a significant mixing of ambiguous forms, between racism and tolerance. Whether under colonial systems of different natures (between France, the United Kingdom, and even Italy and Spain) or under Ottoman rule, most cities are marked by forms of cultural and religious diversity. The flows between the North and the South are then very important (installation of Europeans in the Maghreb for example). In a second part it will be a question of reflecting the shock of decolonizations which provoke new forms of mixing. The flows between the South and the North are accelerating (labor migration particularly). Finally, in a third part, it will be a question of the place of memory and of the heritage of cosmopolitanism for the governance of these last years or decades by showing how, on the basis of examples, the cities stage or not this dimension in policies public, communication campaigns or through the media, works and cultural productions.
Bio: Yvan Gastaut is a Steering Committee member of the IMISCOE Regional EuroMedMig Network and Lecturer in History, University of Côte d’Azur, Nice. He works in the laboratory URMIS, The Migrations and Society Research Unit, based in Nice and also in Paris VII. He is a member of the National Museum of History of Immigration in Paris Advirosy Committee and also fellow in the French Institute of Migration Convergences, Paris. His main line of research is the issue of migration in the Mediterranean area between the 19th and the 21st century. In particular, Yvan Gastaut is interested in questions of representation imaginaries, sport, identity, stereotypes that flow between the two Mediterranean shores, racism vs antiracism, public opinion and memory conflicts. He was the director of a program of de Agence Nationale de la Recherche in France "Ecrans et Inégalité" (ECRIN 2013-17) about the image of "Arabic" people in TV, cinema and internet (1962-2001). He is teaching a Master in Migration in Nice and CIFE formation (Nice-Tunis-Istanbul) as well as Master in Migration (ORMES) in Agadir University. Yvan Gastaut has 25 years of experience on the issue of representation of migration. Mediterranean has been taken as space of reference in his researches. For more information about his research activities and publications see here.
- Gastaut, Y. 2017. “Immigration: From Métèques to Foreigners.” In The Colonial Legacy in France: Fracture, Rupture, and Apartheid, edited by A. Pernsteiner, N. Bancel N., P. Blanchard and D. Thomas. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, pp. 209-19.
- Bancel, N., Blanchard, P., and Thomas, D. 2017. “Introduction: A Decade of Postcolonial Crisis: Fracture, Rupture, and Apartheid (2005–2015).” In The Colonial Legacy in France: Fracture, Rupture, and Apartheid, edited by A. Pernsteiner, N. Bancel N., P. Blanchard and D. Thomas. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, pp. 1-40.
9. Mohamed Saib Musette (EuroMedMig and Applied Econonomic Center for Development in Algiers, Algeria)
Date: 6th of May, 2021
Title: Capturing Irregular Migration by a Macro-Sociological Lens: 12 Steps Process from and through North Africa to Europe
Abstract: There is a vast literature on irregular migration. Each country develops its vision and its appreciation without knowing either the magnitude or the depth of this migration movement. In the same way, each discipline tries to develop its specific contribution to have a picture of the phenomenon which took a complex dimension during this millennium.
We offer a global vision of the process of irregular migrations in twelve steps from North Africa to Europe. The first sequence has three steps. Migration, regular or not, begins with the intention to leave, then the decision-making begins with the first prospections and finally the departure starts with the choice of the route, the mode of departure. The final sequence has three options: installation, return to the country of origin or a new departure. Between these two sequences, there is the "black box" that each analyst observes, with his resources, on three routes (land, sea and air). The measurement of migration flows (entry/exit) is carried out according to the regularities of border crossing. The detection of irregularities is done at the home country, during the trip, on arrival to and during the stay in the host country.
This vision offers a kaleidoscopic view of the process of irregular migrations. This means that a single small rotation of the view gives a shift of all narratives, myths and options to turn irregular in regular migration, hence provides policies to leave no one behind, as promised by the United Nations Agenda on SDGs. The economic situation in 2020, with the COVID19 pandemic, gives rise to temporary border closings. The strict control of border movements has significantly changed the perception of regular and/or irregular migration.
Bio: Mohamed Saib Musette is a Steering Committee member of the IMISCOE Regional EuroMedMig Network and an Algerian sociologist. He is the Research Director of the Research Division “Human Development and Social Economy” at the Applied Econonomic Center for Development in Algiers (CREAD).
His fields of interest cover youth, the labour market and international migration, since this millennium. As a Researcher, he has participated in more than a hundred conferences with universities in Algeria, Africa and Europe. He has published some fifty articles in scientific, national and international journals and ten collective works, including four on international migrations. He has also, as an ILO (United Nations) official, coordinated a program on labour migration in the Maghreb region.
He also works as a National Consultant for several ministerial departments of the Algerian Government. He acts as the National Expert for Algeria for the EUROMED Migration Program. He has also conducted some Technical Reports as an International Expert for the United Nations agencies (UNDP, ILO, World Bank, UNESCO, FAO), the European Union and African Union in his fields of competence. For more information about his research activities and publications see here.
- UN. 1990. “International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and Members of their Families Link.” UN.
- UNDP. 2019. “The Scaling Fences: Voices of Irregular African Migrants to Europe.” UNDP.
- Bacon, L., and Robin, N. 2018. “The Root Causes of Irregular Migration in the Region of the Rabat Process.” Rabat Process.
10. Eleonora Insalaco (Anna Lindh Foundation, Alexandria, Egypt)
Date: 20th of May, 2021
Title: Intercultural relations in the Euro-Mediterranean region: Trends from the Anna Lindh Foundation research and civil society consultation
Abstract: The main purpose of this lecture is to introduce the outcomes of the Intercultural Trends research work in the Euro-Mediterranean region carried out by the Anna Lindh Foundation since 2010. The lecture will feature the main results of the Intercultural Trends public opinion poll conducted every three years of a representative sample of EuroMed populations from 13 different countries – as a unique instrument to measure the evolving values and attitudes of people in the EuroMed. The quantitative data is complemented by qualitative analyses that help contextualize trends in mutual perceptions, cultural divides, youth and gender roles as well as the impact of media, education, culture and digital tools within the EuroMed region and the broader context of globalization and migration flows. The lecture will also outline some strategic orientations for the promotion of intercultural dialogue based on the results of the research and the regular civil society consultation carried out by the Anna Lindh Foundation.
Bio: Eleonora Insalaco is the Head of Operations and Intercultural Research at the Anna Lindh Foundation. She is one of the founders of the Foundation working as member of its international team since the inception of the institution in 2005. In her role, Eleonora coordinates the Foundation’s flagship report on “Intercultural Trends in the Euro-Mediterranean region” and leads the organisation’s evidence-based programming for regional cooperation and CSO support. She has led the development of many of the Foundation’s main programmes, including the first Education Handbook on Intercultural Citizenship and the landmark Mediterranean Forum. Prior to joining the Foundation, Eleonora began her international career through assignments with the European Commission in Brussels and Italian Consulate in Cairo. She is a graduate of the College of Europe, with academic expertise in the fields of Euro-Med cooperation, Islamic studies and global citizenship education.
- The Anna Lindh Report 2018. “Intercultural Trends and Social Change in the Euro-Mediterranean Region.” Anna Lindh Foundation.
- The Anna Lindh Report 2014. “Intercultural Trends and Social Change in the Euro-Mediterranean Region.” Anna Lindh Foundation.
- The Anna Lindh Report. “Euro-Med Intercultural Trends 2010.” Anna Lindh Foundation.
- The Anna Lindh Education Handbook. Intercultural Citizenship Education in the Euro-Mediterranean Region. Anna Lindh Foundation.