Job market candidate
Tel. +34 93 542 2687
Available for Interviews at :
European Job Market for Economists (EEA), December 6-7, Naples, Italy
Allied Social Science Associations (ASSA), January 4-6, Atlanta, US
Primary: Development Economics.Political Economy.
Secondary: Public Economics. Economic History
"Intergenerational Mobility in China across Space and Time" (Job Market Paper)
Inequality is an important issue in many countries, and intergenerational mobility is one of the key mechanisms to alleviate inequality. What drives mobility? Why do some areas generate higher rates of mobility than others? This paper has two objectives. First, using individual data from censuses and surveys, I characterize the features of intergenerational mobility in China based on education and occupation for cohorts 1949-1977. Second, guided by a simple model built on aspiration-based poverty theory, I empirically investigate how intergenerational-transmitted aspirations can contribute to the emergence and the persistence of social mobility. First, I find that the intergenerational correlation in education has been rising over time and there are substantial geographical variations in the intergeneration mobility across prefectures in China. Second, I empirically examine the role of aspirations in explaining contemporary social mobility. Using the plausibly exogenous success rate in the bureaucrats' selection examination (Keju) in ancient China as a proxy for historical aspirations and taking advantage of the extensive changes in prefecture boundaries since the founding of the PRC in 1949, I find that aspiration increases upward mobility, and the effect happens to individuals in the low-to-middle quintiles in the education distribution. Third, using victims in the anti-intellectual movement (Cultural Revolution) in the 1970s as a proxy for the perceived drop in return to education, I show that return to education had a positive impact in determining upward mobility. In addition, in more aspiring places, individual's upward mobility is more responsive to changes in the perceived return to education.
"Impact of Family Planning Policy on Gender Inequality: Evidence from China"
Parents’ investment can be gender specific. I develop a theoretical framework to study the impact of family planning policies on gender-specific out comes. Empirically, this paper uses China’s Family Planning Policy (FPP) since 1971 to understand how reduction in the number of children in a family can generate gender-specific outcomes. I mainly use diff-in-diff strategy to compare the education outcomes between boys and girls before and after the FPP. I find that while post-FPP-born children generally stay in school longer, this effect is particularly stronger for girls. This finding is robust to (1) using diff-in-diff-in-diff strategy by incorporating another dimension of variations — different fertility constraints imposed by the FPP on the ethnic majority Han and the minorities; (2) using a different measure of education outcomes — the probability of continuing education beyond the compulsory education period. In addition, I document that FPP also has an impact in changing women’s preference for family size and gender attitudes. Post-FPP-born women show a more pronounced change in gender attitudes and exhibit less son preference than men.
Research Papers in Progress
"Barriers to Participating in Global Value Chains" with Yimei Zou (IIES at Stockholm University)
"Work Harder as Girls: The Effect of Son Preference on Girls' Achievement" with Yan Hu (CEMFI)