Tel. +34 93 542 1486
Personal web page
Available for Interviews at
European Job Market for Economists (EEA), December 18-19, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Allied Social Science Associations (ASSA), January 3-5, San Diego, US
Applied Microeconomics. Health Economics. Labor Economics. Gender Economics.
"The Career Costs of Children's Health Shocks" (Job Market Paper)
I provide novel evidence on the impact of a child's severe health shock on parental labor market outcomes. To identify the causal effect, I leverage long panels of high-quality Finnish administrative data and exploit variation in the exact timing of the health shock. Identification comes from comparisons of same-aged parents with same-aged children, whose children experienced the health shock at different ages. The results show that parental earnings suffer a substantial decline following their child adverse health event, and that the fall is persistent: five years after a child's severe hospitalization, maternal earnings have dropped by more than 7.5%, while fathers earnings are 2.5% lower. Notably, the shock also impacts parents' mental well-being.
“The Long-Run Effects of Cesarean Sections" (with Ana Costa Ramón, Lauri Sääksvuori and Mika Kortelainen)
VATT Working Papers 125, October 2019. Revise & Resubmit at the Journal of Human Resources
This paper analyzes the long-term effects of potentially avoidable C-sections on children’s health. Using Finnish administrative data, we document that physicians perform more unplanned C-sections during their regular working hours on days that precede a weekend or public holiday and use this exogenous variation as an instrument for C-sections. We supplement our instrumental variables results with a differences-in-differences estimation that exploits variation in birth mode within sibling pairs and across families. Our results suggest that avoidable unplanned C-sections increase the risk of asthma, but do not affect other immune-mediated disorders previously associated with C-sections.
Research Papers in Progress
“Gender Roles and Behavioral Gender Gaps” (with Ana Rodríguez-González)
“It's About Time: Cesarean Sections and Neonatal Health'' (joint with Ana Rodríguez-González, Miquel Serra-Burriel, Carlos Campillo-Artero). Journal of Health Economics, 59. 2018
Cesarean sections have been associated in the literature with poorer newborn health, particularly with a higher incidence of respiratory morbidity. Most studies suffer, however, from potential omitted variable bias, as they are based on simple comparisons of mothers who give birth vaginally and those who give birth by cesarean section. We try to overcome this limitation and provide credible causal evidence by using variation in the probability of having a c-section that is arguably unrelated to maternal and fetal characteristics: variation by time of day. Previous literature documents that, while nature distributes births and associated problems uniformly, time-dependent variables related to physicians' demand for leisure are significant predictors of unplanned c-sections. Using a sample of public hospitals in Spain, we show that the rate of c-sections is higher during the early hours of the night compared to the rest of the day, while mothers giving birth at the different times are similar in observable characteristics. This exogenous variation provides us with a new instrument for type of birth: time of delivery. Our results suggest that non-medically indicated c-sections have a negative and significant impact on newborn health, as measured by Apgar scores, but that the effect is not severe enough to translate into more extreme outcomes