"Gender quotas or girls’ networks? Towards an understanding of recruitment in the research profession in Italy"
Presenter: Nevena Kullic, Max Weber research fellow at the European University Institute, in Florence, Italy.
Time: 12.00 - 13.30 h
Room: 13.105 (Ramon Turró building)
This article investigates the role of the gender composition of selection committees and connections in promoting women in research activities. Exploiting a newly created data set on recruitment processes at entry-level research positions in a leading Italian research centre that mainly operates in hard science, the article finds some evidence of bias against women at nontenured entry levels, which is attenuated by the presence of a woman on the selection committee. However, the most important predictor for recruitment appears to be previous connections with the research centre, which operates as selection device for women aiming to enter the research profession. The article concludes that female presences on the committees could help eliminate gender-biased preferences of male members towards same-sex candidates in selection com
"Wage inequality from an occupational perspective"
Presenter: Enrique Macías Fernández, Researcher at European Foundation for the Improvement of Working and Living Conditions (Dublín).
Time: 11.00 - 12.30h
Room: 20.237 (Jaume I building)
This paper tries to evaluate whether occupational dynamics have played an important role on wage inequality developments in Europe in recent years. First, it discusses in general terms the role that occupations play in structuring wage inequality, contrasting the arguments found in the Social Sciences literature with European data on wages and occupations. Second, it tries to identify in whether and in which ways do occupational wages vary across different European countries. Finally, it evaluates to what an extent occupational dynamics can explain recent developments in wage inequality in Europe.
"Fatherhood models in post-Soviet Russia: dynamics and continuity in different social groups"
Presenter: Lipasova Alexandra, PhD candidate at National Research University Higher School of Economics, Department of Sociology, Moscow, Russia.
Time: 12.30 - 13.30 h
Room: 40S03 (Ed. Roger de Llúria)
The problem of the research lies in the two countervailing tendencies in the development of the fatherhood institution in Russia: the evolving practices of involved fathering and the enforcement of traditional patriarchal values. The analysis of fatherhood models in combination with the social class is going to allow us to understand the reasons of coexistence of different parenthood configurations in the Russian society, articulate the worries concerning the lack of the father’s participation in the upbringing of children and work out the direction of social policy aiming at diminishing the gap between the institutional abilities of existing fatherhood and public expectations and demands to fatherhood. The research question is aiming at the analysis of the main characteristics, practices, norms and values typical for the fatherhood models in post-Soviet Russia. This is currently being done through “mix-methods”: empirical analysis of quantitative secondary data on demographic characteristics as well as practices, norms and values concerning fatherhood in different social groups, and qualitative primary data (in-depth interviews).
"Parents’ housing careers and support for adult children across Europe Testing housing tenure & mobility, feathered nest and indirect reciprocity hypotheses"
Presenter: Marco Albertini, Dpt. of Political and Social Sciences, University of Bologna.
Housing careers have important consequences on individual’s well-being. The present study focuses on the role of parents’ housing careers in affecting the way and extent to which they provide economic support to their adult children. By adopting a family life course perspective it is shown that while housing tenure has relatively little effect on parents’ transfer behaviour, mobility between different tenures can elicit or supress intergenerational support; moreover, the quality of the house positively affects intergenerational co-residence. Support received to acquire a home along one’s life course has an important demonstration effect: those parents who have received their home as a gift or have received economic support for buying it are more prone to provide help to their adult children. The empirical results do not allow to identify macro-contextual conditions that shape the effect of parents’ housing careers on intergenerational support, but they show that the demonstration effect plays only a marginal role in Southern Europe.
Keywords: Intergenerational support, financial transfers, housing career, homeowners, indirect reciprocity, transfer motives, transfer regimes.
"The coordination of work schedules and partners’ involvement in household labor: Differences between standard and non-standard working arrangements"
Presenter: Mariona Lozano, Researcher at Centre d’Estudis Demogràfics and Adjunct Professor at Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
The study aims to expand the existing research on housework by exploring the relationship between men and women’s involvement in domestic labor and the coordination of work schedules in dual-earner households. Coordination of work schedules refers to couples’ allocation of their paid work, and measures which hours are worked by each partner. I suggest that the timing of paid work is an important indicator to understand the gendered division of domestic labor, and I aim to assess which type of work schedule combination between partners contribute to a less traditional involvement of men and women in housework. I classify work schedules between standard and non-standard, and study four different combinations: couples where both members work standard hours, both work non-standard, males work standard and females non-standard, and vice-versa. In addition, I consider part-time as a possible moderator of the relationship between time-scheduling arrangements andpartners’ involvement in household chores. By using the Canadian General Social Survey on Family (2011), I show that men working non-standard are more likely to be involved in household labor than those who work standard hours, only when their partners worked standard hours. However, this trend is reversed if she has a part-time job.
Keywords: Dual-earners, Gender Inequalities, Division of Household Labor, Work Schedule, Non-standard employment.