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CRES Seminar - Laura Hospido

CRES Seminar - Laura Hospido

Air Pollution and Sick Leaves: evidence from social security data

  • Date: November, 20th. At 12,00
  • Room: 23.103 (UPF- Barcelona, Ciutadella Campus, Mercè Rodoreda Building)

12.11.2017

Abstract: We estimate the causal impact of air pollution on the incidence of sick leaves in a representative panel of 440,000 employees affiliated to the Spanish social security system. Using more than half a billion worker-by-day observations from the years 2005 to 2014, our econometric approach fits a linear probability model for the event that an individual takes a sick leave on a given day. The model relates this decision to air quality at the place of residence, controlling for weather, individual effects, and a range of time-by-location effects. Identification derives from day-to-day variation in air pollution concentrations as well as quasi-experimental variation in PM10 that is due to Sahara dust advection, which is used as an instrument for local PM10 concentrations. We find that particulate matter increases sick leaves in a statistically and economically significant fashion. We explore the heterogeneity of this effect with respect to various worker and job characteristics.

 

Bio: Laura Hospido is an economist at the Microeconomic Analysis Division of the Banco de España. She received her PhD at CEMFI and University of Santiago de Compostela. She is also affiliated with IZA as a Reseach Fellow. Her research interests include Labour economics, Gender economics, Financial Literacy and Survey Methodology. Her research has been published in the Economic Journal, Journal of Applied Econometrics, and Labour Economics, among others.

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