D'acord amb les Bases reguladores de la Convocatòria 2018, i un cop rebudes les avaluacions del Jurat, la Càtedra ha decidit atorgar els tres premis de 2.500 euros cadascú als següent treballs:
Títol: The Impact of socio-economic characteristics CO2 Emissions associates with urban mobility: Inequality across Individuals
Autor: Jordi Rosell Segura
Programa de Doctorat: Doctorat en Economia (UB)
Co-autors/es: Germà Bel
Puntuació obtinguda: 90%
Concerns about the unequal distribution of greenhouse gas emissions attributable to mobility are gaining increasing attention in scholarly analyses as well as in the public policy arena. The factors influencing the emissions of individuals are largely undocumented, but they are assumed to be the same for all, be they low or high emitters. We use a household travel survey conducted in the metropolitan area of Barcelona to differentiate the factors that result in different rates of emission. It shows that the top 10% of emitters produce 49% of total emissions while ‘non-daily’ emitters make up 38.5% of the sample. We adopt a quantile regression approach, which reveals significant socioeconomic differences between groups of emitters. Gender, income and home-municipality type are influential in accounting for CO2 emissions for all groups. Educational level appears to be less significant, and occupation shows no significance at all. The study confirms the ineffective nature of toll policy design in the area. Overall, socioeconomic factors have different impacts on different emitting groups, but these characteristics do not impact equally across all the population. Quantile regression using mobility survey data gathered from various cities would provide useful evidence for improving the design of urban mobility policies.
Títol: How to survive: Artificial quality food, urban-rural politics, and the new forms of rule for farmers embedded in direct marketing strategies
Autora: Lucia Argüelles Ramos,
Programa de Doctorat: Doctorat en Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals(UAB-ICTA)
Co-autors/es: Isabelle Anguelovskib, Filka Sekulovac
Puntuació obtinguda: 87%
Programs intended to support more sustainable agriculture are often based on market-led models to add value to certain distinctive products. In this context, quality food schemes emerged and hence geographies in which particular products or characteristics are ascribed certain superiority that allows the producers to obtain premium prices or sell to exclusive markets. We analyze the contradictions embedded in the quality food strategy by looking at the effects and meaning for farmers in an agricultural area of Barcelona, where many of these programs overlap. We argue that the use of market-based and entrepreneurial logics and the focus on quality and gastronomy for the benefits of urban customers bring new challenges to producers. These artificial quality food schemes result in new forms of rule to farmers. Their implementation raises several questions in terms of how “quality” products are identified and rated and for whom, with further implications on how farmers adopt these programs.
Títol: Understanding the gendered coaching workforce in Spanish sport
Autora: Ingrid Hinojosa Alcalde
Programa de Doctorat: Activitat física, educació física i esport (UB)
Co-autors/es: Ana Andrés, Pedrona Serra, Anna Vilanova, Susanna Soler, Leanne Norman
Puntuació obtinguda: 85%
The present study focuses on the demographic and labor characteristics of coaches in Spain. Kanter’s theory on occupational sex segregation will be used as a guiding framework. The study was conducted with 1685 coaches (82.3% men and 17.7% women) from different sports and performance domains. The results show that there is an underrepresentation of women as coaches in Spain and data highlight that coaches’ gender is related to three structural factors: opportunity, power, and proportion. The present data reveal that women are younger, less likely to be in a marriage-like relationship, less likely to have children, and more likely to have competed at a high level as an athlete when compared to their male counterparts. However, fewer women than men access and participate in coach education in Catalonia and the working status of women was different to that of men. To expand, women worked less hours, were more likely to be assistant coaches, and had less years of coaching experience. Understanding of how gender influences women’s access, progression, and retention in coaching in Spain illustrates the need for gender sport policies and practices in sport organizations. This approach can benefit not only women, but the diversity and enrichment of the coaching system.