Job market candidate
Tel. +34 93 542 1998
Available for Interviews at :
Simposio de la Asociación Española de Economía (SAEe), December 14-16, Barcelona, Spain
RES PhD Meeting, December 19-20, London, UK
Allied Social Science Associations (ASSA), January 5-7, Philadelphia, US
Development Economics, Health Economics, Political Economy.
"Can Pharmaceutical Promotion to Physicians lead to Adverse Health Outcomes? Evidence from the Opioid Epidemic in the US" with Fernando Fernández (Job Market Paper)
The sales of opioid painkillers nearly quadrupled in the US since 1999. Opioid-related adverse health outcomes such as addiction, overdose, death and the number of babies born with severe withdrawal syndrome after in-utero exposure to opioids increased by similar magnitudes. This paper estimates the effect of pharmaceutical promotion of opioid drugs to physicians on adverse health outcomes in the US at the county-level. Our results indicate that counties where sales representatives of opioid drugs reach more doctors have higher opioid overdose mortality rates. In addition, we find that infants born in counties with higher opioid promotion during pregnancy are more likely to present symptoms in line with the neonatal abstinence syndrome. We identify the effects by using the presence of state-level bans on pharmaceutical promotion to physicians and the distance between counties and pharmaceutical companies' headquarters to instrument opioid promotion. To study the link between worsened health outcomes and opioid promotion, we use Medicare prescription data and show that doctors receiving promotion for opioid drugs prescribe more opioid painkillers.
"War and Political Participation in Bosnia and Herzegovina” (with Caterina Alacevich)
We study the long-term effects of exposure to violence on voter turnout using data from Bosnia and Herzegovina's municipal and general elections from 2004 to 2014. Relying on variation in war intensity across municipalities, our difference-in-differences estimation results show that voter turnout is lower in areas that experienced higher levels of violence. We measure conflict intensity by the share of civilian casualties over pre-war population in the municipality of origin. To shed light on the potential mechanism of decreased turnout levels, we use individual-level survey data. Our analysis shows that individuals living in high-violence areas also display lower levels of both generalized trust and trust in institutions, which is commonly linked to lower political participation. Selection into victimization is unlikely to explain our results, as they are robust to the inclusion of pre-war controls. Additionally, results are identical for voters who were too young to have been targeted directly during the war and voters of older cohorts. In contrast to other conflicts for which positive impacts on measures of social capital have been found, the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina was fought within communities. Similarly to the civil war in Tajikistan, neighbors were fighting neighbors which ultimately lead to a deterioration of social preferences and interest in participating in public life.
Research in Progress
"Ethnic Income Inequality and Crime Rates in Kosovo"
"Government Spending and Crowding Out of Political Interest in Peru"
"Does Size Matter? Behavioral Consequences of Map Projections" (with Thomas K. A. Woiczyk)